For consumers, the situation is not bad for the supremacy of the two, but after all, less feelings and stories. So, in the post Symbian era, what has happened on the mobile market? What systems have tried to kill the Quartet, but did it end up hastily? Today, let's look back at those operating systems in the post Symbian era.
When it comes to the system of the post Symbian era, the first thing to mention is Maemo. Many people think that it is the failure of the eye is too short, in a very long period of time is still sticking to Saipan finally let iOS, Android operating system can take advantage of this new generation; then it suddenly gave up their weapons, the fate of their own toMicrosoftAnd WP's hands.
But this is not entirely true, as early as the first generationIPhoneBefore the release, NOKIA has in the preparation of the Symbian successor, anointed successor is Maemo.
= = = Maemo system equipped with NOKIA N900
As early as two years before iPhone was released, NOKIA launched the first version of Maemo, OS2005. In fact, NOKIA does not intend to use the purchase of Saipan in the long run. Maemo is the ultimate goal of NOKIA to support its own development.
However, the plan changes, Maemo has long existed only in the internal NOKIA and some developers in the circle has not yet been formally to the market spread of Maemo suffered a iOS sniper in 2007, NOKIA finally in 2009 for the market launch of the first equipped Maemo machine type N900, but It is all up with failed to achieve the desired response.
NOKIA had high hopes for Maemo. Maemo's design is far better than Symbian's design, and even better than Android's in many ways - such as fluency, such as operational logic, such as gestures, etc.. At the same time, Maemo also supports Qt, cross platform ability is quite tough. However, Maemo did not succeed.
The biggest reason for the failure of Maemo, may be in operation: NOKIA should take the initiative to give up the former Microsoft executive Maemo. Stephen Elop as CEO in 2010 to join NOKIA, took office soon after the Maemo system and Qt and other related projects to cut down on the Microsoft WP, NOKIA comprehensive ship.
Then the story, we all know, WP NOKIA failed, Microsoft in 2013 to just $7 billion 200 million acquisition of NOKIA mobile phone business, elop also returned to Microsoft.
This is a product of collaboration between NOKIA Maemo and Intel Mobin. NOKIA launched the Maemo model in 2009, decided to cooperate with Intel, expand its operating system influence, so MeeGo was born.
NOKIA and Intel's abacus is very good, Maemo and Mobin are based on Linux, is easy to carry out cooperative development; NOKIA had previously in the Qt platform work, while Intel can provide many hardware solutions, MeeGo combined with Qt can be widely cross platform, let App run in a plurality of devices, thereby establishing their own ecological.
The experience of MeeGo is pretty good, and it's better than Maemo, supporting full gesture operation, and the whole mobile phone doesn't even need to press any buttons.
Its fluency is also very amazing, iOS does not strive, there is a world of difference and the spokesperson for Android Caton is valuable, but MeeGo is really a background mechanism.
The biggest drawback is that it may be too late, a system of success, not only to consider the system's performance, we should also take into account the historical process.
NOKIA released MeeGo in 2010, in the months after Elop took office, NOKIA speed to WP, MeeGo was abandoned.
In 2011, NOKIA announced to give up the development of MeeGo, 2013 NOKIA will stop MeeGo and Saipan in 2014, MeeGo stool not take the heat was scored limbo. As a backward system, MeeGo go faster than a sadly sigh.
Maemo and its successor MeeGo failed, it is difficult to say the main reason lies in its own. In many people's eyes, even if they fail, it shouldn't be the miserable ending of being sold like this.
And so it was a group of people dissatisfied, including the original MeeGo developers including a number of former NOKIA employees, set up a Jolla company developed the Sailfish operating system, which can be seen as Maemo and MeeGo of the spiritual sequel.
Sailfish OS inherits many of the advantages of MeeGo, such as Qt, fluency, full gesture manipulation, true background, and so on, but it has also made some changes. For example, compatible with Android App, which to some extent make up the weak ecological. However, Sailfish always appears too late, in addition to NOKIA to a certain extent to support the establishment, nor what background, Sailfish in the market is not smooth.
Sailfish is still developing, but there is basically no type of pre installed Sailfish system. However, users of Nexus and other devices can brush into the Sailfish experience, and some enterprises and organizations will use Sailfish to customize their own operating system.
Sailfish hasn't died yet, but it's fading out of the market. How long can it hold on? We wait and see.
We know that Samsung is one of the most influential manufacturers now Android camp, as such a large amount of manufacturers, Samsung will not only the equipment on Android this basket. Samsung has also tried to develop its own mobile operating system, and Bada is the result.
Samsung launched the Bada system in 2009, the interface of the system and Samsung's Android have some similarities, are equipped with the TouchWiz interface.
However, Bada is not compatible with Android apps, which means that its ecology needs to start from scratch. The ecological development of Bada is rapid, the message display at the 2011 Bada system has 5000 apps available, this number is far from enough to ecological and iOS, Android's rival.
In the experience of the system itself, Bada is not outstanding, it hit the low-end market, in order to maintain endurance and smooth, the background is limited to only allow a App operation. In addition, the initial problems of Bada were too many, the interface was a little confusing, the stability and function were all problems, and finally, Bada did not succeed.
Samsung encounter difficulties in the development of the Bada system, and Intel is in the development of MeeGo system in frustration - after all, NOKIA have run away to the WP camp, Intel MeeGo only a hardware vendor, this is what is happening! So, Samsung and Intel embrace together, launched the Tizen system.
The Tizen system also admitted later, its first machine was launched in 2014, both Android and iOS have a high degree of maturity, Tizen launched a It is all up with feeling.
However, it should be the only Samsung Tizen technical reserves, after all, Android is not in control of the Samsung itself, if a day is no longer free open source Android, at least Tizen the preparation plan.
Tizen did not leave too much thick and heavy in colours in the mobile phone market, but it is in some other areas still shine. For example, Samsung in the display, television, smart watches and other products have been using Tizen, if you buy related products, you can see its elegant demeanor.
This is probably the most familiar back to the Symbian era operating system in addition to iOS and Android. WP once huge, but in a Microsoft operation, with less than 1% of the market share bleak departure.
When WP launched, it seems to occupy the time and place, but also backed by the Microsoft thigh, how it failed, has been a topic of popular talk.
After the launch of WP once widespread concern, many developers have launched WP applications. However, Microsoft continues to WP generation, each generation are abandoned a lot of old models, the old application design is also unpredictable.
As a result, the development ecology of WP has never really stabilized, developers have fled, and App has been scarce for years. At the same time, the function of WP has also been slow to improve, the magnetic interface of personality also makes some consumers look timid. Microsoft got the worst end with a good card.
In the Symbian era, Palm is also a force that can not be ignored in the smart machine market. After the touch screen sweeping the mobile market, Palm has launched its own new generation of mobile operating systems - WebOS.
Palm launched the Palm OS legacy WebOS in 2009, trying to get a slice of the era of touch screen smart machines.
The design concept of WebOS is very advanced in or out of the ordinary card type, its UI design today is still affected iOS and Android; and its App is unique, WebOS App uses the Web language to build, in essence is very close to WeChat now.Small programBut it's much more powerful.
However, WebOS, which was applauded by countless people, failed eventually.
WebOS uses HTML to build all kinds of application developers, the revenue is difficult to guarantee, coupled with Palm and without Google and apple as strong business position, WebOS did not succeed in the mobile market.
Palm was bought by HP in 2010, and then in 2011, HP renounced WebOS and opened its source. In 2013, WebOS was resold to LG again, and now WebOS is the standard of many LG TV sets.
Yes, this FireFox is the browser's Firefox, which comes from Firefox's development organization, Mozilla.
The browser can do want to in a swordfight mobile market, this is why? In fact, Firefox itself is an extension of a strong package, it can use XUL and XPCOM to connect various XML based components, and even called the operating system in the browser.
Now that you have this premise, it's better to get an operating system out, so FireFox OS comes into being.
FireFox OS is similar to WebOS, and functions and applications are all developed in HTML language. The hardware is called through WebAPI.
At this point, you can think of the fact that the Firefox OS is a Firefox browser, it is the application of all the web pages, but these pages are stored in the local package, does not depend on the support of network.
As a result, its fate in the market is close to WebOS, ecology can not effectively operate. In 2015, Mozilla announced that Firefox OS stopped developing, which means that Mozilla's strategy of launching ecology on the mobile platform has failed.
Now the mobile market has been completely occupied by iOS and Android, in the visible future, it is difficult to appear other strong competitors.
Therefore, if you use Android and iOS system in the touch-screen era, it is a rare experience, this experience in Japan should not have.