The San Diego State University psychology professor Jan Tenger (Jean Twenge) recently in clinical psychology < science="" /> (Clinical Psychological Science) magazine wrote that in various regions, various background in adolescents (regardless of race), depression, suicide attempts and Dutch act rate are increased. In general, their analysis found and compared with the millennial generation, the so-called "iGen" (born after 1995 youth) are more likely to suffer from mental health problems.
So why are so many teenagers frustrated or even suicidal in such a short period of time? In several large-scale survey of teenagers, who found that all the possibilities can be traced back to a significant change in young people's lives, that is the sudden rise of intelligent mobile phone.
Since 2010 to 2015 is a period of steady economic growth and declining unemployment, the economy is unlikely to be a major factor in the rise in Teenage Depression and suicide rates. Income inequality is still a problem, but it did not happen suddenly around 2010, and the gap between rich and poor has been expanding for decades. I found that from 2010 to 2015, young people in the time spent on homework almost no change, the reason actually precludes learning pressure.
However, the data released by the Pugh Center Research (Pew) show that by the end of 2012, the rate of teenage smartphone ownership exceeded 50% for the first time, and the risk of depression and suicide among adolescents began to rise. By 2015, 73% of teenagers had started using smartphones.
The use of intelligent mobile phone not only leads to depression in adolescents increases in research and the Pugh et al "research center data in Internet, how much time is related to mental health problems. They found that adolescents who spent more than 5 hours a day had a significantly increased risk of depression, suicide attempts, or suicide rates compared with those who spent less than 1 hours a day. Overall, suicide risk increased significantly over two hours a day.
Of course, it may be that not too long online leads to depression, but depression leads teenagers to spend more time on the internet. But three other studies have shown that this is not possible, at least when using social media. Over time, two studies have found that spending more time on social media causes people to be less happy, but unhappiness does not lead to more social media usage.
The idea that depression may cause people to spend more time on the Internet does not explain why sudden depression increases after 2012. In this case, more teenagers become depressed because of an unknown reason, and then start buying smartphones, which seems illogical.
Even if network time does not directly harm the mental health of teenagers, it will still have an indirect impact, especially when people are crowding in other activities on the internet. The preparation of the "iGen" in the works of Danglars, he found that teenagers spend with friends on very little time. And face-to-face communication is one of the sources of human happiness, without it, our emotions will begin to decline, depression will follow. Feeling isolated by society is also one of the major causes of suicide.
I found that those on the Internet to spend more than the average time with friends for a short time the teenagers are most likely to suffer from depression. Since 2012, such scenes have begun to appear on a large scale: teenagers spend less time on known mental health activities (such as face-to-face social interaction), and spend more time on activities that may hurt mental health.
In addition, teenagers who spend more time on mobile phones are more likely to sleep less. Sleep deprivation is a major risk factor for depression. So if smartphones cause sleep deprivation for teenagers, that explains why they suffer from depression and a sudden increase in suicide rates.
Of course, there are many reasons for teens' depression and suicide, such as heredity, family environment, bullying and trauma, etc.. No matter what age you live in, some teenagers experience mental health problems. But some vulnerable teenagers may not have mental health problems, but may be depressed by playing too long mobile phones, lack of face-to-face social interaction or lack of sleep.
People may think that it is too early to suggest screen time for teenagers because this research has not yet reached a definitive conclusion. However, considering the possible consequences of depression and suicide, it is urgent to limit their time to play with mobile phones. Hopefully, it is not too late. (small)
Source link https://theconversation.com/with-teen-mental-health-deteriorating-over-five-years-theres-a-likely-culprit-86996