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Apple China iCloud operated by state-owned enterprises: both parties have access to user data

via:CnBeta     time:2018/1/13 10:02:07     readed:48

In a statement to Surging News, Apple said the move will help to continue to enhance the speed and reliability of iCloud services and comply with Chinese regulations. For users' privacy concerns about the change, Apple said: "Apple has a strong data privacy and security mechanism and will not create a back door in any of our systems."

Guizhou on Cloud is a company approved by Guizhou Provincial Government with a registered capital of 235 million yuan. The company funded by the Guizhou Provincial Bureau of big data development, supervisory supervision of state-owned enterprises in Guizhou Province.

iCloud stores personal content such as user contacts, calendars, photos, notes, reminders, files, app data, and iCloud emails. According to Apple's official website, foriPhone, IPad,iPodtouch, Mac, or PC, iCloud securely stores photos, videos, documents, apps, and more, and keeps them up-to-date on those devices.

Regarding the background of this change, Zuo Shiquan, director of the Institute of Equipment Industry, CCID Research Institute of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, believes that the Cyber ​​Security Law, which came into force on June 1, 2017, clearly stipulates that: All issues related to the broadly defined national security issue Chinese citizens or regional data must be stored in ChinaserverOn, but alsocloud serviceOf operators must be local enterprises, which is one of the reasons why Apple chose Guizhou as the cloud company on the cloud as its partner. ICloud service provides users with dual brands of "iCloud" and "Guizhou on Cloud" in China.

The new terms increase user privacy

On Apple's official website in China, iCloud service module has released the relevant explanation, and announced the new icloud terms of service. It states explicitly that "once iCloud is enabled, the content will be automatically sent to Guizhou on the cloud and stored by Guizhou on the cloud."

The surging news reporter compared the new and the old terms and found that the new article added a sentence to the heading "Access Your Account and Content": "You understand and agree that Apple and Cloud Guizhou have access to your services in this service All data stored, including the rights to share, exchange and disclose all user data (including content) to and from each other and to each other under applicable law. "

New iCloud Terms and Conditions Screenshots

This part of the Terms remains: "You acknowledge and agree that we may access, use, save your account information and content and / or disclose your account information and content to Law Enforcement where we deem necessary or justifiable. Agency, government official and / or a third party without liability to you, provided that we do so on our legal requirements or in our best faith belief that doing so is reasonably necessary to: (a) Comply with legal process or requirements; (b) enforce this Agreement, including any potential violation of this Agreement; (c) detect, prevent or otherwise resolve security, fraud or technical problems; or (d) Protect the rights, property or safety of Guizhou, its users, Apple Inc., third parties or the public on the cloud as far as legally permitted.

Apple explained in the official website, the user's photos, documents and address books and other iCloud content, when transmitted through the Internet have been encrypted, stored in Apple's own server when the vast majority have been encrypted. When Apple uses a third-party vendor's server to store user information, Apple encrypts that information and never discloses the key to the vendor.

Apart from that, it is noteworthy that the governing law has changed. The new terms expressly state that the interpretation, validity and performance of this Agreement shall be governed by the laws of the People's Republic of China.

"For any dispute arising out of or in connection with this Agreement, Guizhou Guizhou and You agree to submit to China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission (CIETAC) a binding Beijing-based arbitration in accordance with the prevailing laws submitted to arbitration, The arbitration award is final and binding on both parties, "the new article wrote.

"For these changes, we want to be transparent to our customers," Apple responded in an interview with People's Daily. It is reported that Apple Inc. since January 10 within seven weeks, will be notified by e-mail and push the way to inform users of this news. All users who set Apple ID's country as China will be affected by this shift.

Apple said iCloud's system must record every user browsing or receiving at least one notification in order to complete the user's service migration.

As of February 28, 2018, 0:00, users will not be relocated to Guizhou on the cloud but remain inactive if they have not been recorded as having viewed or accepted Apple-related notifications. During deactivation, data previously stored by the user in iCloud will also be stored in iCloud without loss, but including iCloud photo gallery / share, iCloudCloud disk, Apple Pay and many other features will be affected. If you disable the iCloud service after February 28, you will need to accept the new terms and conditions to ensure that your account is reactivated and moved to Guizhou on the cloud.

In the meantime, according to Apple Inc., if you are not a Chinese citizen residing in mainland China, you can edit Apple ID country settings to reflect your current country and continue using iCloud under the current terms and conditions.

In an interview with Xinhua News Agency, Li Zhenjun, director of the Industrial Development Department of Guizhou Province's Big Data Development Authority, said that Guizhou on cloud will strictly safeguard information security and protect state secrets, trade secrets and personal privacy in strict compliance with Chinese laws and regulations.

In an interview with China Voice, Chen Jinqiao, deputy chief engineer of the China Institute of Information and Communications, said in an interview that converting Apple's cloud service to cloud-based Guizhou is not an isolated case. This is only an example of strengthening data protection by the state and enterprises, Improve the cloud service capabilities, improve customer demand, a natural reflection.

Access to iCloud will speed up

Not only Apple,Amazon, Microsoft and other cloud service providers have set up data centers mainly for Chinese users to provide services and comply with the requirements of Chinese laws.

On November 13, 2017, Beijing AURORA Technology Co., Ltd. ("AURORA", 300383), an operator of Amazon cloud service provider AWS (Beijing Region), announced that the company will not exceed RMB2 billion The purchase of specific operational assets related to Amazon cloud-based cloud services from Amazon.com Technology Services (Beijing) Co., Ltd. ("Amazon").

The transaction was once misinterpreted by Amazon to sell Chinese assets, in fact, this is based on regulatory requirements, AURORA purchased assets such as AWS servers, Amazon continues to retain the AWS cloud services intellectual property.

After the transaction was launched, Aura Xinwei finally obtained a cloud computing license in December 2017, marking the legal status of AWS's Beijing business.

Microsoft has set up data centers in Beijing, Shanghai and Hong Kong, respectively, and is operated by 21Vianet.

The cooperation of Apple on the cloud Guizhou Guizhou Province SASAC under the big data company.

In July 2017, the iCloud strategic cooperation framework agreement was held with the Guizhou government in Guizhou Province. According to the agreement, Guizhou Cloud will also set up and operate a national data center for iCloud services, which is expected to be completed and put into use by 2020.

Ma Ningyu, director of the big data bureau of Guizhou Province, said at the signing ceremony that the main data center has invested 1 billion U.S. dollars and will be completed in Guizhou's Gui'an New District. It is Apple's first data center project in China to store data for Apple users in China. Apple provides technical support. iCloud service in China using iCloud and Guizhou dual-brand cloud to provide users with services.

In the past, many domestic Apple phone users often had APP problems, data synchronization, Internet connection errors, and so on, said Lisa Jackson, vice president of Apple. After the new data center is completed, it will effectively reduce the delay, improve the reliability, make the experience of the Chinese iCloud user more smooth, once the data center is built. The experience of Apple users in China is likely to change a lot.

It is noteworthy that due to the suitable climate, industrial base, energy and policy support in Guizhou, from 2013 to 2014, the three major telecom operators, China Telecom, China Mobile and China Unicom, have settled their big data centers in Guizhou Gui'an New District, with a total investment of 15 billion yuan. Making it the only province in the country to centrally build the data centers of the three major telecom operators in one place.

Before Apple iCloud, Guizhou on the cloud has been withAli Cloud,TencentCloud, Huawei Group, Inspur Group, China Soft International, China Telecom, China Unicom, China Mobile and other cooperation.

In addition, one of the technologies behind "Guizhou on Cloud" is Ali Cloud, a subsidiary of Alibaba. In 2014, Guizhou Province and Alibaba reached a cooperation agreement on cloud computing and big data. Guizhou on Cloud relies on Guizhou Unicom's Internet Data Center (IDC) computer room, gathering a huge amount of data based on Aliyun's "Flying" operating system.

Surging news reporter Yang Xin 倢 intern Angel

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