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Apple China iCloud operated by state-owned enterprises: both parties have access to user data

via:博客园     time:2018/1/13 17:03:56     readed:502

Apple announced on January 10 that starting from February 28, 2018, the iCloud service in the Mainland will be transferred to Guizhou Big Data Industry Development Co., Ltd. ("Guizhou on Cloud") for operation on that occasion Cloud Guizhou company will have the legal and financial relationship with iCloud users in mainland China. All of the data (including photos, videos, contributions, backups, etc.) stored using these services and stored via iCloud are subject to the terms and conditions of the new iCloud (operated by Guizhou on the Cloud).

In a statement to Surging News, Apple said the move will help to continue to enhance the speed and reliability of iCloud services and comply with Chinese regulations. Regarding user privacy concerns about the change, Apple said: "Apple has a strong data privacy and security mechanism and will not create a back door in any of our systems." & rdquo;

"Guizhou on Cloud" is a company approved by the government of Guizhou Province with a registered capital of 235 million yuan. The company funded by the Guizhou Provincial Bureau of big data development, supervisory supervision of state-owned enterprises in Guizhou Province.

iCloud stores personal content such as user contacts, calendars, photos, notes, reminders, files, app data, and iCloud emails. According to Apple's official website, iCloud securely stores photos, videos, documents, apps, and more on Apple devices like iPhone, iPad, iPod touch, Mac or PC and keeps them up-to-date on those devices.

Regarding the background of this change, Zuo Shiquan, director of the Institute of Equipment Industry, CCID Research Institute of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, believes that the Cyber ​​Security Law, which came into force on June 1, 2017, clearly stipulates that: All issues related to the broadly defined national security issue Chinese citizen or regional data must be stored on servers in China and the operator of the cloud service must be a local enterprise. This is one of the reasons why Apple chose Guizhou as a cloud company with cloud-based state-owned capital as the partner. ICloud services are based in China Domestic use of "iCloud" and "Cloud on Guizhou" dual brand to provide users with services.

The new terms increase user privacy

On Apple's official website in China, iCloud service module has released the relevant explanation, and announced the new icloud terms of service. Which explicitly mentioned, "Once iCloud enabled, the content will be automatically sent to the Guizhou on the cloud and stored by the Guizhou on the cloud. & rdquo;

The surging news reporter compares the new and the old terms and finds that the new terms add a sentence to your column "Access your account and content": "You understand and agree that Apple and Cloud Guizhou have the right to access you at All data stored in this service includes the rights to share, exchange and disclose all user data (including content) to and from each other and to each other in accordance with applicable law. & rdquo;


New iCloud Terms and Conditions Screenshots New iCloud Terms and Conditions Screenshots

And that part of the Terms remains: "You acknowledge and agree that we may access, use, save your Account Information and Content and / or disclose your Account Information and Content to us as we may deem necessary or justifiable Law enforcement agencies, government officials and / or some third party without liability to you, provided that we do so on the basis of legal requirements or in our best faith belief that doing so is reasonably necessary to: (a ) Comply with legal process or requirements; (b) enforce this Agreement, including any potential violation of this Agreement; (c) detect, prevent or otherwise resolve security, fraud or technical problems; or (d) Or to the extent permitted by law, protect the rights, property or safety of Guizhou, its users, Apple Inc., third parties or the public on the cloud.

Apple explained in the official website, the user's photos, documents and address books and other iCloud content, when transmitted through the Internet have been encrypted, stored in Apple's own server when the vast majority have been encrypted. When Apple uses a third-party vendor's server to store user information, Apple encrypts that information and never discloses the key to the vendor.

Apart from that, it is noteworthy that the governing law has changed. The new terms expressly state that the interpretation, validity and performance of this Agreement shall be governed by the laws of the People's Republic of China.

"For any dispute arising out of or in connection with this Agreement, Guizhou Guizhou and You agree to submit to China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission (CIETAC) a binding Beijing-based arbitration in accordance with the prevailing laws submitted to arbitration." The subsequent arbitral award is final and binding on both parties. "The new terms wrote.

"For these changes, we want to be transparent to our customers. "Apple responded in an interview with People's Daily. It is reported that Apple Inc. since January 10 within seven weeks, will be notified by e-mail and push the way to inform users of this news. All users who set Apple ID's country as China will be affected by this shift.

Apple said iCloud's system must record every user browsing or receiving at least one notification in order to complete the user's service migration.

As of February 28, 2018, 0:00, users will not be relocated to Guizhou on the cloud but remain inactive if they have not been recorded as having viewed or accepted Apple-related notifications. During the deactivation period, data previously stored in iCloud by the user will also be saved in iCloud without loss. However, many features including iCloud photo gallery / share, iCloud cloud disk, and Apple Pay will be affected. If you disable the iCloud service after February 28, you will need to accept the new terms and conditions to ensure that your account is reactivated and moved to Guizhou on the cloud.

In the meantime, according to Apple Inc., if you are not a Chinese citizen residing in mainland China, you can edit Apple ID country settings to reflect your current country and continue using iCloud under the current terms and conditions.

In an interview with Xinhua News Agency, Li Zhenjun, director of the Industrial Development Department of Guizhou Province's Big Data Development Authority, said that Guizhou on cloud will strictly safeguard information security and protect state secrets, trade secrets and personal privacy in strict compliance with Chinese laws and regulations.

In an interview with China Voice, Chen Jinqiao, deputy chief engineer of the China Institute of Information and Communications, said in an interview that converting Apple's cloud service to cloud-based Guizhou is not an isolated case. This is only an example of strengthening data protection by the state and enterprises, Improve the cloud service capabilities, improve customer demand, a natural reflection.

Access to iCloud will speed up

Not only are cloud service providers such as Apple, Amazon, and Microsoft, which have set up their data centers mainly for Chinese users and follow Chinese laws.

November 13, 2017, Amazon cloud service providers AWS (Beijing area) service providers & mdash; Beijing New Optical Network Technology Co., Ltd. ("AURORA", 300383) announced that the company to not exceed RMB 2 billion for the purchase of certain operational assets related to Amazon cloud-based cloud services from Amazon Connect Technology Services (Beijing) Co., Ltd. ("Amazon").

The transaction was once misinterpreted by Amazon to sell Chinese assets, in fact, this is based on regulatory requirements, AURORA purchased assets such as AWS servers, Amazon continues to retain the AWS cloud services intellectual property.

After the deal was launched, Aura Xinwei finally obtained the cloud computing license in December 2017, marking the legal status of AWS's Beijing business.

Microsoft has set up data centers in Beijing, Shanghai and Hong Kong, respectively, and is operated by 21Vianet.

The cooperation of Apple on the cloud Guizhou Guizhou Province SASAC under the big data company.

In July 2017, the iCloud strategic cooperation framework agreement was held with the Guizhou government in Guizhou Province. According to the agreement, Guizhou Cloud will also set up and operate a national data center for iCloud services, which is expected to be completed and put into use by 2020.

Ma Ningyu, director of the big data bureau of Guizhou Province, said at the signing ceremony that the main data center has invested 1 billion U.S. dollars and will be completed in Guizhou's Gui'an New District. It is Apple's first data center project in China to store data for Apple users in China. Apple provides technical support. iCloud service in China using iCloud and Guizhou dual-brand cloud to provide users with services.

Before many domestic Apple mobile phone users often appear APP can not open, the data can not be synchronized, the network connection error, etc., this, Apple vice president Lisa & Jackson; said the new data center is completed, will effectively reduce the delay, Improve reliability and make the experience of iCloud users in China smoother. Once the data center is completed, the experience of Chinese Apple users may change greatly.

It is noteworthy that due to the suitable climate, industrial base, energy and policy support in Guizhou, from 2013 to 2014, the three major telecom operators, China Telecom, China Mobile and China Unicom, have settled their big data centers in Guizhou Gui'an New District, with a total investment of 15 billion yuan. Making it the only province in the country to centrally build the data centers of the three major telecom operators in one place.

Before Apple iCloud, Guizhou on the cloud had already cooperated with Aliyun, Tencent Cloud, Huawei Group, Inspur Group, China Soft International, China Telecom, China Unicom and China Mobile.

In addition, one of the technologies behind "Guizhou on the Cloud" is Ali Cloud, a subsidiary of Alibaba. In 2014, Guizhou Province and Alibaba reached a cooperation agreement on cloud computing and big data. "Guizhou on the cloud" relying on Guizhou Unicom Internet Data Center (IDC) room, based on Aliyun "Flying" operating system, gathered a huge amount of data. (Yang Xin 倢, Angel)

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