Recently, at the SXSW conference in Texas, China, artificial intelligence technology in China has once again become the hottest topic.
"Alibaba's progress in artificial intelligence is alarming."
Over the past year, global media, academic institutions, and technology circles have continued to favor Chinese artificial intelligence. In October 2017, an article titled "The Rise of China's AI" was published in the MIT Technology Review, a top global technical journal, which caused intense attention from AI. Google Chairman Schmidt asserted at the subsequent artificial intelligence and global security summit in Washington that China will surpass the United States in the field of artificial intelligence within 10 years.
Recently, the author of this article, will Knight, senior editor in the field of AI, once again used Alibaba as a sample to analyze China's artificial intelligence, and he wrote, "the first battle between China and the United States in artificial intelligence will be in Alibaba, Google.Amazon,MicrosoftIt started between the two technology giants. At present, Alibaba has been ahead of its competitors in some respects. ”
In the eyes of will Knight, Alibaba's speed in artificial intelligence is astounding.
One of the evidences was that at the SQuAD, a top competition in machine reading comprehension initiated by Stanford University a month ago, Alibaba.com's AI program as a "newcomer" scored 82.44 points higher than companies like Microsoft and Samsung. Even exceeded the average human score (82.304). This is the first time the machine has defeated humans in such tests. According to Luo Luo, chief scientist of Natural Language Processing at Alibaba Research Institute, the technology has been used in smart customer service such as “Ali Xiaomi”.
Chinese artificial intelligence technology will redefine the world
In internal business, Alibaba has been skilled in using artificial intelligence and machine learning techniques to optimize its supply chain, provide personalized recommendations for consumers, and create the first domestic intelligent speaker device that sells millions of products – Tmall Genie .
For external cooperation, Alibaba teamed up with a voice ticket machine launched by Shanghai Metro, which is expected to become a future sample of Chinese AI cities. At the same time, Alibaba's cloud-based AI technology is gradually exporting, including its super-artificial intelligence system "city brain" to provide services such as "blocking traffic" to Malaysia; it is launched for European developers and enterprise users.cloud serviceAnd AI solutions; established a joint research institute with Nanyang Technological University of Singapore to carry out comprehensive AI cooperation.
"With China's increasingly sophisticated artificial intelligence technology, it will use AI to redefine the world, and Alibaba is undoubtedly an important part of building this vision for the future." Knight comprehensive analysis believes.
The MIT Science and Technology Review further analyzed that this aspect is related to the strategic thinking of the founder of Alibaba. "Ma Yun believes that if you want to succeed in the next wave of fierce competition, simply relying on business models is no longer enough. It depends on technology."
According to the article, in 2017, Alibaba won the first place in China's Internet enterprise technology R&D investment for US$2.6 billion. The establishment of the Dharma House has tripled its research budget to more than $7 billion a year. This means that Alibaba will surpass IBM, Facebook and Ford, and will narrow the gap between the global leader Amazon and Google in terms of R&D investment (in 2017, Amazon and Google respectively spent 16.1 billion US dollars and 13.9 billion US dollars in R&D).
In October of last year, Ma Yun announced the establishment of the Bodhidharma Institute and will invest 100 billion yuan (about 15 billion U.S. dollars) in basic research and disruptive technology research and development in the next three years. It owns a group of professional teams engaged in the research and development of basic and emerging technologies such as blockchain, computer security, financial technology and quantum computing, and the development of artificial intelligence is a top priority.
On the other hand, it also benefited from the strong support of Chinese government policies.
The MIT Science and Technology Review quoted data from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) that from 2000 to 2016, China’s R&D expenditure on science and technology had increased 10 times, from US$40.8 billion to today’s US$412 billion. The United States only increased by one-third during the same period.
Tencent Promotes Interdisciplinary Research on AI+Medical
Another giant, Tencent, also rushed on the AI's road.
On March 15, at the "Tencent AI Lab Second Academic Forum", Tencent AI Lab and the leading international academic and education publishing group Springer? Nature Research, a subsidiary of Nature Group, formally entered into strategic cooperation to jointly promote interdisciplinary research in the “AI+Medical” field and promote the integration of production, learning and research in AI (Artificial Intelligence). The two sides will focus on the actual pain points in the medical field and discuss the integration of global scientific research resources in various forms such as academic bonuses, production, study and research exchanges, and support the interdisciplinary cooperation between the medical industry and artificial intelligence research to promote the development of more "AI + medical" products. And landing.
“AI+Medical” is an important scene that can be seen in artificial intelligence, and it will also be one of the areas where both parties focus on cooperation. In 2017, Tencent released the first “AI+ Medical” product “Tenxun Yingying”. It took less than 4 seconds to screen one endoscopic examination and the detection rate of early esophageal cancer was as high as 90%. At present, the product has expanded from the initial screening for early esophageal cancer to multi-disease screening for pulmonary nodules, diabetes, and fundus lesions, and has been deployed in more than 100 triple-A hospitals across China. On November 15, 2017, the Ministry of Science and Technology convened a new generation of artificial intelligence development planning and major science and technology project launching meeting, announced the first batch of national new generation of artificial intelligence open innovation platform list, China National Medical Imaging new generation of artificial intelligence open innovation platform relying on Tencent With the establishment of technical capabilities, "Tenxun Yingying" has also become a national benchmark for "AI+Medical".
At the forum, Tencent also announced that it will soon establish Robotics X. Robotics X and AI Lab will become the twin foundation support departments of Tencent's AI industry and further explore the connection between the virtual world and the real world.