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11 Things to Do After Installing Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Figure)

via:开源中国     time:2018/4/28 9:32:45     readed:1007


1. Check out the new features of Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

Ubuntu 18.04 LTS is a big update update. It has many new features and major changes. From the desktop to the Linux kernel to the application, almost all new. So before you do anything, you should speed up understanding of the new features of Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.

2. Make sure everything is up to date

Additional Ubuntu 18.04 LTS updates may have been released since the USB or CD was installed. You need to manually check for updates to see if there are related security program fixes or bug fixes.

Just click on the Windows / Super button (or click on the "Application" button at the bottom of the dock) to open the application menu. Search for "Software Updater." Launch the application to check for updates and install all available updates.

3. Enable media codec

Ubuntu provides automatic installation of third-party codecs during installation, limited by additional services (such as Adobe Flash plug-ins) and proprietary drivers.

But if you do not notice this check box during installation, you cannot play MP3 files and watch onlinevideoOr use improved graphics card support.

4. Enable "Minimize on Click" for Ubuntu Dock

The Ubuntu Dock (located on the taskbar on the left side of the screen) can be easily opened and switch and manage applications and running applications.

You can switch it by clicking on the app icon in the Dock. However, Ubuntu Dock disables this option by default.

You can easily enable minimized operations for Ubuntu Dock by simply running this command in the Terminal application:

Gsettings set org.gnome.shell.extensions.dash-to-dock click-action 'minimize'

You can also move the Ubuntu base to the bottom of the screen. To do this, open Settings > Dock , then set the desired location from the drop-down menu provided.

5. Unlock the hidden settings of 'Tweaks'

This tuning solution is a good application that was once called the GNOME adjustment tool. This tool adjustment allows you to access a range of settings and options not supported by the standard Ubuntu settings panel.

Using Tweaks can:

  • Change GTK theme

  • Move the window button to the left

  • Adjust mouse/trackpad behavior

  • Enable "Battery Percentage" in the top bar

  • Change system font

  • Manage GNOME extensions

  • More

So Tweaks is an essential tool. Address: Installing GNOME Tweaks Application

6. Enable "Night Light" mode, sleep better

A common-sense problem, staring at a computer screen before going to bed can affect our sleep. Ubuntu 18.04 has built-in "Night Light" function. When enabled, the color of the monitor can be adjusted to make it appear warmer by reducing the destructive blue light emitted from the screen. Research shows that this helps promote natural sleep patterns.

You can automatically enable Night Light in Ubuntu or use the status menu when needed. You can also set a custom schedule to match sleep mode. To turn this feature on, go toSettings>Devices>Display,Then check the box next to "Night Light."

7. Adjustment of laptop

Laptop adjustments may be necessary, and Ubuntu 18.04 makes some minor changes to the way it runs on laptops and portable devices.

For example, to right-click a method on the touchpad without a physical button, you need two-finger click to trigger the command. However Ubuntu 18.04 can also use Tweaks to:

  • Change the scroll direction;

  • Adjust right click behavior;

  • Adjust the shutdown settings;

  • Enable battery percentage in top bar

8. Install a Better Ubuntu Topic

The above desktop is the same as the Ubuntu 18.04 installation, but it uses different GTK themes. Ubuntu's default theme is called 'Ambiance'. It has not changed much since it was introduced in 2010. So one of the most important things to do after installing Ubuntu 18.04 is to change the GTK theme to something more modern. The easiest way to provide a new feel for Ubuntu is to install Communitheme from Ubuntu 18.04.

After the installation is complete, simply log off the current session and select "Ubuntu with communitheme snap" from the login screen.


9. Exploring GNOME Extensions

Switching from Ubuntu to the GNOME Shell desktop is a big deal. It has both advantages and disadvantages, but if you like to add some extra features on the desktop, you can install and useGNOME ExtensionsHundreds of free extensions available on the website.

Like the GNOME desktop web browser plug-in extension, you can quickly add additional features and other features. What's more, you canChange the appearance of the desktop:

The above is Ubuntu 18.04 with the GNOME extension. You can also use the browser to install the GNOME Extension Connector.

When you're done, you can browse the GNOME extension site in Firefox or Google Chrome. When you see an extension that you want to install, simply slide the toggle button from 'off' to 'on' to prompt the installation:

10. Store on Snap App

Regardless of the distribution, Snap is a great way for developers to distribute software to Linux users. Ubuntu 18.04 LTS can access Snap Store at the Ubuntu Software Center.

Snaps are a big problem for LTS versions because they allow application developers to publish application updates more often than standard repos allow.

You can install the latest versions of some popular software from Snap Store, including:

  • Spotify- Music streaming service

  • Skype- video call

  • Mailspring- Modern desktop email client

  • Corebird- Native desktop Twitter application for Linux

  • Simplenote- Cloud support notes

  • VLC- Media players that do not need to be introduced

11. Use Flatpak to optimize the system


Flatpak also enables developers to securely distribute applications to Linux users. Ubuntu 18.04 supports Flatpak, but itNot out of the box.

Use Flathub to install the latest version of popular apps: for exampleSkype,Spotify,LibreOffice,VLCwithVisual Studio code.

Flathub offers other software, including:

  • Audacity- Open source audio editor

  • Geary- Open source desktop email application

  • Discord- Closed-source voice chat

  • FIleZilla- Open source FTP and SSH clients

  • Lollypop- Open source Linux music player

  • Kdenlive- Open source video editor

Developers can get everything they need from Flatpak, Snap or master files.

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