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Two air taxi start-ups were invested by the US Department of defense.

via:网易科技     time:2018/7/10 23:35:46     readed:301

Kitty Hawk Experimental Air Taxi CorawebsiteEmphasizes its role in solving urban traffic challenges: “Cora allows you to fly over the ground to save time, and can take you to meet the people you want to meet, and bring you the moment to impress you.”

A document detailing the Personal Air Vehicle Funding Program shows that DIUx's vision for small electric aircraft is more like Blade Runner than Back to the Future. It reads: "These vehicles will... provide specific capabilities for specific tactical applications, with low-sound features, near-instant start/stop capabilities, the ability to spread attack power across multiple vehicles, and automated systems."

According to government contracting website data, in January last year, Joby Aviation received $970,000 from DIUx, and a few months later, Kitty Hawk also received $1 million.

Although there are many start-ups and veteran airlines competingDevelopmentElectric vertical takeoff and landing (e-VTOL) taxis – including Uber, Airbus and Boeing – but Kitty Hawk and Joby are currently farthest.

The United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not been exposed to experimental airworthiness certificates, detailing the test method and location of such aircraft.

Kitty Hawk licenses its Cora car, which can fly over a sparsely populated area around the city's Hollister Municipal Airport, about 60 miles south of the company's headquarters in Silicon Valley. The place. Cora was originally called "Mule Autopilot." It is equipped with 12 helicopter-style rotors for vertical take-off and landing, as well as a wing and a tail rotor for traditional horizontal flight.

Although Kitty Hawk has said that Cora's top speed will reach 110 miles per hour (about 177 kilometers) and cruising range is 62 miles (about 100 kilometers), but the documents it submitted to the FAA show that Cora's speed actually It can reach 150 miles per hour (about 241 kilometers) and the battery life is up to 19 minutes. This is equivalent to a cruising range of less than 50 miles, although the aircraft has 10 minutes of backup power. The two-seat aircraft can carry 400 pounds of passengers and cargo and can fly up to 10,000 feet.

However, in the initial test, Cora's flight altitude was less than 200 feet and it only flew over Hollister Airport, flying about three times a week. Subsequent tests included vertical take-off and landing, hovering, and transition to normal flight up to 5,000 feet. Its FAA certificate allows Cora to fly on its own and the pilot monitors at the ground control station. It can even fly people, but not for paid passengers. Kitty Hawk must also provide a car or an airplane to track Cora.

The aircraft that was initially FAA-certified is currently undergoing flight testing in New Zealand, and Kitty Hawk has said that the company will also launch a commercial air taxi service there. However, Kitty Hawk is still very active in the United States. In June of this year, the company launched a single seaplane called Flyer. It also set up a previously unreported subsidiary, Ground Ops LLC, which aims to explore the federal drone system integration pilot project to test drones and autopilots in commercial airspace. Kitty Hawk told The Guardian that it is currently reluctant to comment on funding and testing issues.

Joby Aviation's S4 is even more ambitious than Cora, which can carry four passengers and has a target range of 150 miles. The S4 is 24 feet long, with a wingspan of 35 feet and a Cora of 36 feet. It is equipped with six innovative tilting horizontal rotors. In the documents submitted to the FAA, Joby did not specify the maximum speed of the S4. However, the company also noted that its helicopter, currently used to track the S4, has a top speed of 140 miles per hour and may not be sufficient for future flight tests.

Although neither aircraft can automatically sense and avoid birds or other aircraft, if their remote control system fails, both aircraft will safely return to the base according to preset procedures. Joby's S4 is also equipped with a full-machine parachute to protect against "catastrophic failure."

In May of this year, Uber announced that it would work with the US Army to develop an air taxi with ultra-quiet rotors.

The Pentagon will not have a military air taxi in a short time. The FAA's airworthiness certificate for two air taxis from Kitty Hawk and Joby states: "(The drone) must not join any weapons."

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