Huawei Developers Conference
Facing the Future: Hongmeng OS Appears to Challenge iOS and Android
Yu Chengdong, the CEO of Huawei's consumer business, first appeared on the stage and delivered a speech entitled "New Experience and Ecology in the Whole Scene Era", in which he announced the formal launch of Hongmeng OS.
Hongmeng System was officially released
In the past decade or so,AppleIOS and Google's Android all the way through, Symbian, Palm,WindowsPhone and other names are buried in history, and now we talk about intelligence.Mobile phoneThere are only two camps to choose from: Apple or Google.
Hongmeng OS is a name that many people began to hear this year. It came into being precisely because of the fact that the United States had "broken a confession" to Huawei. We are not sure whether they are causal or not, but we can be sure that the withdrawal accelerated the emergence of Hongmeng OS.
There are many kinds of cores in Hongmeng system now. In the future, it is necessary to unify into Hongmeng OS core.
According to Yu Chengdong, Android has more than 100 million lines of code and more than 20 million lines of kernel, but less than 8% of the code used by ordinary users is redundant, which is neither necessary nor necessary in the era of IoT Internet of Things.
Therefore, he put forward the concept of "micro-core", which is one of the characteristics of Hongmeng OS. Different from the "macro core", the microkernel uses the same operating platform, deploys products with different hardware capabilities, and adopts a distributed architecture to improve efficiency. Another advantage of microkernels is security. Because the code of Hongmeng OS microkernels is only one thousandth of that of Linux macrokernels, the probability of attack is greatly reduced. With fewer code and fewer errors, the code will run more efficiently.
Microkernel Advantage of Hongmeng System
Hongmeng can meet the needs of many kinds of equipment.
For example, mobile phones and on-board devices have different uses, so it is not necessary to inject the same system, but they can deploy different interfaces or functions using the same kernel. For developers, it's easier to develop apps with a set of codes for different hardware. Yu Chengdong, for example, is also a mobile phone-locomotive-big screen.（televisionThe same code, adapted to different screens.
This picture from mobile phone to large screen of PPT, as if it was also in Apple's W.WDC Developer Conference appeared.
The development of Hongmeng system starts with the smart screen
Yu Chengdong said that Hongmeng has been developing for two years and is now "ready to use". He is sure to take the lead in using Hongmeng OS 1.0 in smart screen products launched this year. Over the next three years, Hongmeng OS will gradually be used in more intelligent devices such as wearable, smart screen, locomotive and so on.
We believe that Huawei has such strength and speed, but it is not itself that decides whether an ecosystem prospers or not, but the richness of third-party App, or the number of third-party developers around it. From every time Cook visits the developers in China, we can see how important "developers" are.
So Huawei announced three key actions: 1) Open Source to Global Developers, 2) Establish Open Source Foundation, 3) Establish Open Source Community, and work with developers to promote Hongmeng's development. Translated code is free to use, research and development has a reward, gathering farmers together to discuss. The path is the same as the beginning of Android or iOS.
Hung Meng system still has a long way to go.
This is the first step taken by Hongmeng OS, which has challenged two rulers who have almost reached 100% market share from scratch. It is a "silly thing" that other companies will not do, but Huawei has done it silently for two years. We hope to see in the near future the number of third-party Apps and developers of Huawei Hongmeng OS, which is a hard indicator of ecosystem prosperity.
Facing the present: the main task of mobile phone system EMUI10 is the Internet of everything.
In the past, EMUI updates mainly used for mobile devices such as mobile phones were mainly related to the corresponding speed increase or the improvement and enhancement of a function. This time, Wang Chenglu, President of Huawei Consumer Business Software, also mentioned these on the stage. (Huawei said that in terms of system fluency, EMUI10 has surpassed iOS to become the first in the world.) More ambitious chapters are not here, but three key technologies of EMUI 10: hardware capability mutual benefit, one-time development of multi-end deployment, and distributed security.
Huawei claims to be the world's number one EMUI 10
EMUI10 system officially unveiled
EMUI10 is trying to break the single hardware boundary and form a super terminal. That is to say, Huawei hopes that when people talk about their EMUI again, they will not only be "Huawei's mobile phone system", but also help and share among terminal devices to realize the experience beyond single terminal.
To illustrate this feature, Huawei made a short film of a mobile drone in Xinjiang, where boys used their Huawei phones to receive pictures of drones and share them on their girlfriends' phones and on their big screen televisions at home. In addition, in the live video demonstration, the girl uses the mouse on the computer to drag and drop the information from the mobile phone directly to the computer.
On-site demonstration, UAV camera replaced mobile phone camera
This sharing can also be achieved between existing devices, but the process is far more complex than in video presentations, and the process across devices (from mobile phones to televisions) is more troublesome.
In terms of security, EMUI10 will also adopt the idea of "distributed". Huawei simply concludes that "the right person uses the right device". The right person refers to the user who has been verified by password, biological characteristics, behavioral characteristics, etc. The right device says that the device certificate and key conform to Huawei's security standards. And Huawei talks about devices that are not just mobile phones, but smart home devices, televisions, speakers, and even cars - Huawei hasn't built a car, but they have released HUAWEI HiCar, a smart on-board system.
EMUI 10 is the first step for Huawei to get through multiple devices.
It is also based on the EMUI10 platform, the mobile phone will achieve a trusted connection, the car can remotely control the home smart home through voice commands, and the mobile phone can also control the car remotely.
From the user's mobile phone to the living room (smart TV system), wrist (smart watch system), car (locomotive system). Get through all the links, unify the ecology and experience, let users in every life scene are inseparable from a manufacturer, this approach also coincides with Apple and Google.
Huawei's goal is that there is no estrangement in multi-equipment.
Eco-oriented: HMS and what it does for developers
Above we say that developers are the yardstick for measuring ecological prosperity, and in the third keynote speech this afternoon, Huawei's consumer businessCloud servicesThis is the part that President Zhang Ping introduces: how Huawei builds a platform for developers to make more App. here.
Huawei App Store is also an important part
He first introduced the global ecological data of Huawei terminal cloud service (HMS): by July 2019, the number of registered developers in the world had increased to 910000, an increase of 102% over the same period last year, the number of HMS Core applications increased by 115% and the number reached 43000, Huawei App Store covered more than 170 countries or regions, and the number of active users per month reached 370 million, an increase of 95% over the same period last year. The cumulative application download of Huawei App Store reached 350 billion, an increase of 94% over the same period last year. In addition, more than 800 fast applications have been put on sale. Through Huawei's development environment tools, the development can be completed in up to 3 days.
Most of Zhang Ping'an's data refer to the needs of global developers, which also shows that Huawei has not planned to confine itself to China from the very beginning, such as the determination of "fast application" in September on the global line.
Huawei Published Quick Application Quantity
To reduce the difficulty of development, Huawei is also trying to build a simpler development environment through Kit. Zhang Ping'an introduced Push Kit, Scan Kit, Wallet Kit, Map Kit and so on.
Huawei's Wallet Kit
"XXKit" is a simplified version of development component that platform-level manufacturers in the industry often prepare for their developers. We were most familiar with Apple ARKit before. In other words, in order to make AR augmented reality software, former developers need to build their own basic code from scratch, and ARKit is the most basic one that Apple has built. Stage, developers do not have to deal with this matter, as long as they focus on how to perform (write code) on the stage.
Huawei's Map Kit
The same is true of Wallet Kit and Map Kit, which makes it less difficult for Huawei developers to write code and unifies interfaces, with the ultimate goal of ecological prosperity.
But for Huawei, how to pull developers down is still a long-term question. Apple's global developers have reached 20 million (2018 data), compared with Huawei's 910,000, there is still a big gap.
Facing the Internet of things: HiLink LiteOS Chip
Yu Chengdong at the beginning mentioned "18 N" whole scene intelligent life, including 1 refers to smart phone, 8 refers to tablet, smart speaker and other self-research products, N is a large number of IoT devices. The fourth Huawei Consumer Chief Strategic Officer is responsible for introducing the "N" section, related to IoT equipment.
Smart home can not be simply understood asice boxWashing machineNetworking, Shao Yang on the stage also from the industry difficulties to talk about, the actual situation is that not all household appliances have networking capabilities, or even at first did not consider networking this matter; each manufacturer is thinking about their own standards, there may be 20 App on the mobile phone to control 20 appliances, ordinary household appliances need to increase the cost of smart appliances, at least a connection chip.
Shao Yang said that this is Huawei's challenge, but also an opportunity. Huawei's solution is divided into three layers: HiLink open platform LiteOS system IoT chip.
Huawei's Solution to the Internet of Things
HiLink is an open interconnection platform for smart home developed by Huawei to solve the problem of interconnection and interaction between intelligent terminals. It solves the intelligent connection, the intelligent linkage two parts.
The entrance to the user is the``smart life'' App on Huawei's mobile phone. If the user buys the equipment that conforms to the HiLink standard, it can be controlled uniformly in smart life, and the protocol of HiLink is behind it. In the event of the developer-facing conference, Shao introduced the development related parts, such as the control interface has automatically adapted to the“18devices”. The developer did not need to develop a control program for the mobile phone, develop one for the tablet, and then gave the mobile phone a...
HiLink Ecology Needs Continuous Expansion
LiteOS, like its name, is a lightweight system for less complex devices. According to Shao Yang, LiteOS has been developed within Huawei for seven years. Huawei's smartphones, home surveillance cameras, and so on are all LiteOS;, which has embodied Huawei's "micro-kernel" construction idea since birth and will be incorporated into Hongmeng OS. in the future.
LiteOS is seen by Huawei as a bridge between business and hardware
As for chips, Shao Yang cites Huawei's "Lingxiao" wifi-IoT chip and "swan" chip, which will be used on the Glory Smart screen to be released tomorrow.
Xiaoxiao Chip for WiFi
The swan chip is used for the display device, and the smart screen uses it.
IoT devices are a bit like third-party App development boot, except that App is software and IoT is the integration of various hardware (and microsystems). The latter seems to be more complex than that. Huawei's HiLink open platform, LiteOS system IoT chip, is prepared to make the problem easier.
If Hongmeng OS or HMS is to attract programmers to China to write code for this software, HiLink LiteOS Lingxiao, swan new products, it is for ecological hardware equipment development kit, if a third-party manufacturer wants to make products that meet Huawei standards, as large as refrigerator washing machinesAir conditionerIt will be much simpler to start with a three-piece package from Huawei to smart bulb camera.
Pushing it to developers: Kirin chip
Although this is a developer conference, Kirin chips are still taken out separately, not only because "self-research chips" are rare in Chinese mobile phones (and even the entire technology industry), but also because Kirin chips are the hardware foundation for building AI artificial intelligence.
Kirin and AI
On Sept. 2, 2017, Kirin 970 became the world's first mobile chip with a built-in NPU processor. NPU is called Neural-network Processing Unit, or neural network processing unit. Before that, artificial intelligence generally existed more in movies or high-end technology research.
When chips with AI capabilities are installed on their products by mobile phone manufacturers, they also give AI more ground gas play, such as photo recognition, face recognition and so on. Kirin 970 participated in the "artificial intelligence" enlightenment for the general user, after which Kirin 980 was a further enhancement of AI computing power, this year's Kirin 810 was Huawei's ability to make AI cover the mid-end products.
Kirin chips also need to work with developers.
But AI capabilities are not only dependent on Kirin's new products and Huawei's algorithms. The other half of Huawei Fellow's presentation on stage today is the devolution of AI computing power to developers, and the videos he demonstrates are coming from a developer under the stage.
Da Vinci Architecture in Kirin Chip
AI's story is just beginning. Of all the businesses Huawei introduced this afternoon, it may be the most variable. No one can really measure the ultimate value of AI and how close it can be to real human thinking.
At the end of the speech, Ai Wei returned the customer value of AI to expectations (with Kirin new products), quantity (shipped by Huawei terminals), time (thanks to the efforts of developers), the first two Huawei has done preliminary, "how to finally do it, it's up to you"-he said to the developers off the stage before he stepped off the stage.
Write at the end:
Huawei today combed its entire product system, an obscure conference for programmers, where the average user can only see Huawei's idea of building the future in a few words from the keynote speech.
As the saying goes, "first-class companies make platforms," Huawei's platform is not just hardware categories such as mobile phones, tablets and laptops, but 18 N ambitions.
Their expressions are the budding Challenger Hong Meng, HMS and fast apps pushed to developers around the world, and HiLink three-piece sets and Kirin chips standing at the junction of software and hardware.