Thankfully, Jobs failed both in court and in the market. Without Android, IntelligenceMobile phoneIt may stay at the level of his lifetime. althoughAppleIt triggered the smartphone revolution, but Android is a key factor in making smartphones ubiquitous in the crowd.
Maybe without Android, that would happen. But it is more likely that the smartphone and Internet population will remain much lower than they are today. Think about it, when Jobs scolded Android,IPhoneAbout 15% of the world's 175 million smartphones sold in the previous year. By 2018, Apple still had a 15% share, but the total sales of smartphones had soared to 1.4 billion. More than 80% of these new phones use Android.
Android's success is driven by three main forces. The first is Google; the second is Samsung; the third is China.
Today it's easy to take the popularity of smartphones for granted, but when Google acquired an Android startup in 2005, only the most optimistic people expected that. After the sensation of the iPhone in 2007, Google quickly opened Android open source to mobile phone operators and manufacturers for free. In return, Google pre-loaded its lucrative advertising machines into most mobile phones running Android systems.
Samsung was the second largest mobile phone manufacturer after Nokia at that time. It produced a series of dazzling Android phones at different prices. It vigorously promoted large-screen phones, which became the trend. Starting in 2011, Samsung launched advertisements to make fun of the iPhone, while competitors made fun of Samsung, but it worked. Two years later, for every five smartphones sold worldwide, one came from Samsung.
China followed. China's economy is growing at an alarming rate. Mobile networks are spread all over the country, creating a large audience for electronic products. The biggest winners areHUAWEIandmilletLocal mobile phone manufacturers, such as Google, have created customized Android phones that do not include Google applications. As the most populous country, China has skipped a whole generation in the development of personal computers. Almost 800 million people use smartphones instead of computers to access the Internet. Apple has also succeeded in China, but nine out of every 10 smartphones sold in China use Android.
Of course, Android has its drawbacks. Over the years, the positive functions of networked mobile devices -- eliminating gatekeepers, instant messaging, and linking people with different perspectives -- now feel threatened by public security and mental health. Samsung and other manufacturers are increasingly seeking to get rid of Google's shackles. Last year, the European Union announced that Google had violated antitrust laws by offering Android free of charge with a series of conditions.
IDC estimates that smartphone sales will decline for the third consecutive year in 2019. At present, the proportion of the global population using mobile Internet is 50%. Even Android can not keep the price of mobile phones down to a level acceptable to some people and regions where smartphones are not yet widely available.
With technicians betting on things other than smartphones, Android is unlikely to play a major role in the future. In the future, network connections will become very fast and inexpensive. Platforms like cloud computing, driverless cars and digital assistants are proprietary systems, not open alliances like Android. So even though Google's operating system covers the whole world, Jobs'ideas may still win in the next generation of products.