On January 6, the latest report said ASML, a supplier of semiconductor equipment in the Netherlands, With or without a U.S.-issued license for the sale of ultra-ultraviolet lithography machines (EUV), ASML wants to continue supplying semiconductor equipment to China and wants to increase its sales share of its products in the Chinese market by 2020. It is understood that in the field of EUV lithography, ASML is the only enterprise in the world that can produce EUV, and the United States has always opposed that the Dutch enterprise has too many business contacts with the chip manufacturing company in China.
Earlier, the Trump administration launched, according to Reuters
The high-level approach, which has not been reported before, shows the White House's focus on preventing China from acquiring the machines needed to make the world's fastest microprocessors. This also shows that the U.S. government is still very difficult to succeed in trying to unilaterally prevent the flow of advanced technology into China.
Two people familiar with the matter told Reuters the U.S. action began in 2018 when the Dutch government licensed semiconductor equipment company ASML to sell its state-of-the-art equipment to Chinese customers. In the next few months, U.S. officials studied whether they could directly block the sale and had at least four rounds of talks with Dutch officials, three sources told Reuters.
Mark, Prime Minister of the Netherlands on July 18, according to a former U.S. government official familiar with the matter
On November 6, 2019, the Nikkei Asian review first reported that the delivery of the equipment was delayed, but the details of the US pressure action were not disclosed. ASML said it was still waiting for new license applications to be approved and declined to comment further.
According to current regulations, if a high-tech product's U.S. manufacturing components reach 25%, the U.S. can restrict its sales to China. According to a person familiar with the matter, the U.S. Department of Commerce audited ASML's EUV device for ultra violet light, but found that it did not meet the 25% threshold. Reuters reported in November that the US Department of commerce is considering lowering the 25% threshold in some cases.
Unable to stop the sale directly, the trump administration forced its Dutch allies to consider security issues. Two sources told Reuters that U.S. defense officials met repeatedly with Dutch officials to discuss the security risks of the sale.
The Dutch government has the sovereign discretion to license dual-use technology and will not comment on the specific situation, foreign ministry spokesman geritson said.With or without an EUV license, ASML hopes to increase its sales in China by 2020, as it will continue to ship newer generation devices.