Tencent Technology News, January 23, reports that NASA has a long list of missions in 2020 as it continues to push its return to the moon
However, NASA has had a strong start this year. Last weekend, SpaceX, the US space exploration technology company, launched a key flight test for NASA, which could pave the way for the company to launch NASA astronauts sometime this year. At the same time, this puts NASA in a good starting position, although there is still a lot of work to be done.
NASA Director Jim
The interview summary is as follows:
Q: This is NASA's first major mission this year. How will it set the tone for the coming year?
Bridgettine: I think that's the best result. Of course, I always have to say that we have more data to process. But you know, we've done an end-to-end test of the launch abort system, which is the most complex and dynamic environment we're going to fly. All the data collected seems to be within the expected range. So I think it's good for us to see an end-to-end successful flight test mission.
Q: now, the test flight performance of Boeing starliner is also good. But it is clear that it has not achieved what we want to achieve. After that test in December, how do you feel about it?
Brishtin: I know you've never heard me say that before, but we do need to use American rockets to launch American astronauts from American territory into space. Now, this test pushes us to this position. If everything goes as expected, it is not far from achieving this goal. If all the plans go well, the chances of success will rise, and it will look as good as launching and re-entry.
SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched as part of flight abort test
Q: You are going to have a very busy year, and you have just been given
BRISDENTING: The 2020 budget has finally been approved, which is better than originally thought. Anyway, we've done it at least by the middle of the year. On the positive side, for the first time since 1972, we have a human lunar landing system and considerable financial support:$600 million. We are certainly very grateful to the Senate and the House for coming together in a bipartisan way to achieve that goal.
We did apply for $1 billion, but it didn't work out. What we have to focus on is how we applied for the budget, and then find out if we can do anything different to ensure that our chances of success are maximized so that the next man and the first woman can land on the moon by 2024.
But the other thing we need to review and review is the 2021 budget and see what we need to do in the 2021 budget to make sure we are moving forward. The good news for 2021 is that there will be no cuts in funding for business, justice and science. As a result, billions of dollars are available every 10 years. 2020 is a challenging year for the commercial, judicial and scientific Appropriations Act. Even if it's full of challenges, we're doing very well. Our budget has been raised with bipartisan support, and we have kept the funding for the manned landing system at $600 million. 2021 will be a more important year and we need more budgets.
We are working with OMB, the vice president's staff and the national space Commission. I think we'll get more budget.
Q: I know a lot of legislators are always asking for
Bridgettine: Yes, you'll see how we spend in five years.
What's the schedule of the manned lander? I see that you have recently stressed that because you have not received the full $1 billion budget applied for, you may ask those partners to provide more funds by themselves. Is this still planned? When are these decisions expected to be made?
Bridgettine: that's a great question. What I want to tell you is that we have received a wide range of institutional announcement suggestions, which makes us in a period of silence. I really don't want to comment on this. So I can only say so much.
Q: as we get closer and closer to 2024, what do you think of the possibility of meeting the deadline?
Brishtin: we are confident that we will achieve these goals in the future. But a lot of things have to go the right way, don't get it wrong. We have completed the core phase of the SLS rocket, which is a huge milestone and took a long time, but we did it in the end. Now it's in Stannis. The rocket has been set up. We will use SLS rocket spacecraft to do budget promotion in Stannis. We hope to see the green run test move forward as soon as possible and send the Rockets to Cape Canaveral, which may even be completed by the end of this year.
The completed SLS core phase is being assembled in Michoud, Louisiana
Q: do you need to reach any threshold to land on the moon in 2024 in order to be sure to achieve it on time?
Bridgettine: I tell you, it's all about money. I think, if you look at history, it's not the best planning managers and contractors that we don't have great plans and can do great work. History has always been that money can never match the vision, so the fact that we get $600 million in 2020 puts us in this predicament again. The 2021 budget is even more important, and it will have to be well over $600 million.
But, of course, the SLS test has to go well, and the Orion capsule test has gone very well. We have to put these projects in Cape Canaveral and we have to make sure that the gateway's power and propulsion components are completed.
Q: what's the latest news on this?
Bristening: so far, everything has been going well, but it's too early to make a conclusion. We have to make sure that we have completed the power and propulsion components, and then most importantly the lunar lander.
Many people think this is impossible. But I think if you look at what happened in the 1960s, we've got instructions from President Kennedy to finish landing on the moon in 10 years, and we've achieved our goal in 8 years. At that time, we had no Johnson Space Center, no Saturn V rocket, no real knowledge of orbital physics as we have today. We don't have the computing power or power density capacity miniaturization that we have today. We have so many advantages today that we didn't have at the time. But, again, we can't do that without an adequate budget.
I think our plan is completely under control, but a lot of things have to go the right way. Not everything has to be right, but most things have to be right. First, get a high enough 2021 budget.
Q: you mentioned that the funds did not match the expected target, but Boeing also had a delay in SLS. Is the launch date no longer 2020, or 2021?
Bridgettine: it will be in 2021.
Q: so, are there any concerns about further delays? Or are you confident that they will follow the schedule?
Brishtin: we've come through the toughest stages. Again, it depends on what lessons we learned in our tests. But what I think we can do in testing is that we will be able to make the necessary changes to the system and understand what constitutes a threat. The question is, how can you solve these problems? I don't expect that to happen. But throughout history, we know that some problems do appear suddenly, and we must solve them. But again, we achieved great feats in the 1960s with a fraction of our capabilities today, so I think it can be done.
Q: what are our expectations for NASA this year, and what do you want people to know about it?
Brishtin: once again, to clarify, we need to launch American astronauts from the United States again. This year is exactly the year to do so. We have two different suppliers, which gives us a high probability of success. We are very grateful to SpaceX and Boeing for their efforts, which have put us in a good position to succeed. We need to see the green run test complete. We need to accelerate as fast as we can to get the Rockets to Cape Canaveral. Then we need to see gateway make amazing progress and figure out how we will build a human landing system to get us to the moon in four years and 11 months. This is absolutely possible, but we must pursue it in a meaningful way.
We will launch Mars 2020 this year, which is a great development. It will land on the surface of Mars in 2021, but we will launch it this year. We will make oxygen on Mars for the first time. We will have a Mars helicopter, which is extraordinary in itself. So there will be a lot of exciting things to launch and get ready for 2021. (reviewed by Tencent technology / Jinlu)