It's hard for us researchers to slash funding for research and be urged to develop vaccines by the president, who has always been skeptical of vaccines.
On March 13, 2020 local time, H. Holden Thorp, editor in chief of science, a top journal, published an editorial article on the US President Donald Trump's request to develop a vaccine as soon as possible, hoping that Donald Trump would respect science and its laws.
This editorial, called do us a favor (help us), is in response to Donald Trump's unreasonable request.
On March 3, 2020 local time, Donald Trump told the National Association of counties legislation conference that he had asked pharmaceutical companies to speed up the development of new coronavirus vaccines:
Do me a favor, speed it up, speed it up! Faster!)
In response, H. Holden Thorp mentioned that Anthony Fauci, the long-term director of the National Institute of allergy and infectious diseases, had repeatedly told Donald Trump that it would take at least one and a half years to develop a vaccine, and the executives of pharmaceutical companies had also conveyed the same message (the World Health Organization had previously said that vaccine development needed 18 But it's clear that Donald Trump thinks repeating this requirement will change the outcome.
Lei Feng noted that H. Holden Thorp's main points are as follows:
It is dangerous to distort and deny the actual situationThe government has repeatedly said that the spread of the virus has been controlled, but according to genomic evidence, community transmission in Washington state and other places is obvious;
The government ignores and harms ScienceIn the past four years, the government has cut the budgets of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH), ignoring the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Three years ago, Donald Trump publicly announced that he was skeptical of vaccines and tried to establish an anti vaccine working group;
Basic scientific basis for vaccine developmentThe vaccine must be manufacturable and safe. The development of vaccine can be more efficient, but it must go through a biological and chemical process, which may take a year and a half or more. Considering the commercial interests, the executives of pharmaceutical companies certainly want to achieve this goal quickly, but they are also very clear that to achieve this goal, at least it cannot violate the natural law;
Scientists aren't tryingIn recent years, scientists have accumulated and analyzed evidence, inductive reasoning, peer review, and constantly produced reliable scientific knowledge. At present, scientists are working at an unprecedented speed through international cooperation Coping with novel coronavirus pneumonia.
Based on this, H. Holden Thorp said, does it sound reasonable to require accelerating vaccine development while distorting science?
The end of the article is also quite ironic:
Mr. President, we would also like to ask you a favor. If you want to speed up vaccine development, you should start with respecting science and its laws. （But do us a favor, Mr. President. If you want something, start treating science and its principles with respect.）
Significant reduction of scientific research funds
As mentioned above, scholars have long been dissatisfied with the government.
In February 10, 2020, Donald Trump increased its funding for artificial intelligence and Quantum Information Science in the 2021 budget proposal of the US $4 trillion and 800 billion (see Lei Feng net (official account: Lei Feng net).
But at the same time, the budget proposal for the fiscal year 2021 also sharply reduced the budget for major US research institutions, mostly in double digits
According to science news, according to the proposal,Federal spending on research will fall by $13.78 billion (9%) to $142.185 billion.
Among them, investment in scientific infrastructure, large-scale facilities and special equipment will be reduced by 40% to US $3.6 billion, and expenditure on basic research will be reduced by 6% to 406.38 Billion US dollars, which has more or less reduced the budgets of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Science Foundation (NSF), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), science office of the U.S. Department of energy, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and other scientific research institutions.
At the same time, some specific scientific research projects have been severely hit and even cancelled, such as:
NASA's education program, stratospheric infrared Observatory, wide field Infrared Survey Telescope and two earth science missions related to the collection of ocean and climate data were cancelled;
The U.S. Department of energy's nuclear fusion, high energy physics, biological and environmental research projects have been severely hit;
The first-class graduate scholarship program of the National Science Foundation's Council for polar research, biology and Geosciences will be reduced by 20%, leaving only 1600 students a year;
The USGS's main cooperative research program with the University was cancelled.
Based on this, science news represents:
In 2020, the work of many researchers will be more complicated. The November presidential election will determine the role of scientists in future policy deliberations, and many climate change and environmental experts have long been dissatisfied with Donald Trump, arguing that the government has been ignoring science. In addition, the government has been opposed to the regulation of reducing fossil fuel emissions, which will also become a major attack topic of the Democratic Party.
The United States declared a state of emergency
At the same time, the current U.S. crown outbreak is worrying
[note to Lei Feng: tuyuan official website of the World Health Organization]
In a national address on March 11, Donald Trump said the risk of the outbreak was very low for the vast majority of Americans.
But that day, CDC director Robert Redfield personally admitted that there are some
As Dr. Zhang Wenhong said:
When the epidemic will come down is no longer in the hands of the Chinese people.