The third session of the 13th National People's Congress recently opened. This year is the eighth year for Lei Jun, chairman and CEO of Xiaomi group, to act as a deputy to the National People's Congress. This year, Lei Jun submitted four proposals to the conference, involving Satellite Internet, intelligent terminal disaster warning, improving small and micro enterprise financing and increasing the introduction of international high-level talents.Today, Lei Jun was interviewed by sina science and technology and other media, explaining his suggestions and the recent development of Xiaomi in detail.
A lower cost G a satellite Internet than a 5 base station commercially available within 5-10 years
"Suggestions on promoting the development of Satellite Internet industry" is Lei Jun's first proposal, which is Lei Jun's second year's proposal to develop commercial aerospace.
Lei Jun said he is a space enthusiast, but China as a large space country, there is no commercial space law. In addition, at present ,99% of the domestic commercial space field is state-owned enterprises, the current private enterprises or supplement. It is necessary to encourage private enterprises to enter the commercial space market, from the scientific research model to the scientific research large-scale industrial manufacturing model.
"The domestic commercial aerospace industry is still in its early stage, but we also have the opportunity to catch up." Lei Jun said. During the 13th Five Year Plan period, China issued a number of policies and regulations to support and encourage the development of Commercial Aerospace; at the same time, Satellite Internet has also been listed as an important development area of new infrastructure, bringing broad development opportunities for the commercial aerospace field.
He noted that the satellite Internet had been included in the initial programming for six G, and that if future communications were covered by satellites, the cost would be much lower than G five base stations. Therefore, China needs to increase the scale of investment and encourage private enterprises to participate. Although Xiaomi will not be involved in commercial space operations, but will be highly focused on the process of satellite Internet, the technology is expected to mature domestic commercial within 5-10 years.
However, different from foreign large-scale technology enterprises in the field of Satellite Internet, at present, small and medium-sized enterprises are still the main ones in China, lacking large-scale technology enterprises. Lei Jun told sina science and technology that on the one hand, the technology is more cross-border for domestic science and technology enterprises; on the other hand, the technology is later opened to domestic enterprises in this field, while the United States has a certain first mover advantage.
Lei Jun also gives a detailed solution in the proposal. He suggested that the satellite internet should be included as a strategic emerging industry in China's 14th five year plan, making it clear that commercial aerospace enterprises related to the satellite Internet are an important part of China's aerospace industry; further reforming the domestic coordination mechanism of satellite frequency applications, optimizing and simplifying the application and management process of China's satellite network data; further liberalizing private enterprises The industry access restrictions for commercial satellite services; the establishment of a large-scale national development fund focusing on supporting private commercial aerospace, support and encourage private commercial aerospace enterprises to be listed on the science and technology innovation board,
The entrepreneurial team is very important, Xiaomi senior management is mainly promoted internally, supplemented by external introduction
During the epidemic, small and micro enterprises were greatly affected, which is also related to the stability of the job market. Lei Jun in the proposal also gives measures to improve the financing services of small and micro enterprises. Including supporting small and medium-sized banks to focus on small and micro-enterprise financing services, strengthen the use of financial technology and big data capabilities to reduce service costs and so on.
For entrepreneurship, Lei Jun also elaborated his own views. He believes that the success of entrepreneurship is a low probability event, and no more than 10% of enterprises have lived for 10 years. In order to build a long-term business, we need to do three things.
"There is a self-media saying that we formed the Avengers Alliance ," Lei Jun joked, which is actually an external misunderstanding. Xiaomi has also promoted a number of internal vice president and general manager level executives since the listing ," we promoted more than 80% of internal promotion, supplemented by external introduction, but may be external recruitment of people more influential ."
With the acceleration of Xiaomi's internationalization process, Xiaomi is also increasing the introduction of overseas talents. At the end of 2019, Daniel Povey, an expert in the field of international speech recognition and AI and the father of Kaldi, an open-source voice recognition tool, joined Xiaomi as the chief voice scientist.
In addition, in the first quarter of this year, Xiaomi's overseas market revenue has reached 50%. But Lei Jun believes that Xiaomi must keep the Chinese market while globalization, otherwise is no source of water, no wood. "We also need to expand our market share in China. He said.
Xiaomi's R & D investment is not low, willing to continue to make common progress with Dong Mingzhu
In addition to the integration of Satellite Internet into the new infrastructure, 5g is also an important part of the new infrastructure. Since last year, Xiaomi has released 5 5g mobile phones, and this year's plan is a total of 10.
In the development of 5g industry, Lei Jun suggested that the innovation of 5g application scenario should be put in a very important position next. For example, the government can set up special fees to support the exploration and implementation of 5g applications.
5G is an era of competitive technical strength for enterprises. Lei Jun mentioned that Xiaomi 2019 R & D investment is 7.5 billion yuan, this year will be around 10 billion yuan. "Some people say they don't seem to have much to do with business. Despite the fact that the domestic internet industry has invested 10 billion in research and development, Xiaomi, a 10-year-old start-up, is already an unusual investment.
Xiaomi also has a layout in intelligent manufacturing. Lei Jun announced at the world 5g conference at the end of 2019 that Xiaomi has built a future factory in Yizhuang, Beijing. This intelligent factory in 5g era is mainly a pilot plant for the research and development and production of Xiaomi flagship mobile phones. It will use large-scale automatic production line, 5g network, robot, big data and other technologies, and its production efficiency has increased by more than 60% compared with traditional factories.
Lei Jun disclosed in an interview that the plant has been put into production by the end of 2019. At present, the second phase of the project is under planning and will be a pilot all unmanned plant.
Lei Jun responded by saying that Gree is also a very excellent manufacturing enterprise. Unexpectedly, a joke of the two six years ago became a major concern of the industry. "Dong Mingzhu said that the gambling agreement should be upgraded to a comprehensive indicator. I don't know the rules yet. But if this competition can help promote domestic brands, I'm willing to accept it. " Lei Jun said.