"In the race with Death, the new crown vaccine development has entered the sprint stage ." At present, the global medical community is developing the new crown vaccine at an unprecedented speed and scale, and governments are also looking forward to the vaccine being available and put into use.When more and more people think that the real "group immunity" is with the vaccine, an undercurrent of anti new crown vaccine is surging in some European and American countries, and even spreading many conspiracy theories related to the new crown vaccine.
When the new crown vaccine encounters conspiracy theory
On Aug.24, Italy, once the worst-hit region of the European epidemic, launched a domestic human trial of the new crown vaccine. According to the Rome Spallanzani Infectious Diseases Hospital, the future vaccination of the new crown will be fully funded by the Italian government, and the order of vaccination will be divided from high to low risk of infection among the population. But according to a poll released in late june by the center for multidisciplinary research at the catholic university of milan, italians were "reserved" about the new vaccine ——41% of people surveyed said they would not be vaccinated because they questioned the safety of the new vaccine, and the most resistant was the youth group. In contrast, students and retired elderly groups are more willing to vaccinate.
Russia is the first country in the world to officially register the new crown vaccine, and plans to launch mass vaccination nationwide in October. When many countries are preparing to obtain new coronal vaccine from Russia, a new poll shows that only 40% of the Russian people are ready to receive the domestic new crown vaccine, but 50% do not intend to be vaccinated. The reason is that they have "concerns".
The Financial Times recently reported that the anti vaccine campaign was like "doping". People who are worried about vaccines can be roughly divided into two categories: those who are fundamentally opposed to the vaccine, and those who are not sure whether the vaccine is safe or not, and the latter are also known as "vaccine hesitants.".
"It's a big problem for everyone to get a new crown vaccine!" Germany's star Weekly reported on the 22nd that although Germany is in the "first group" of the world's new crown vaccine research and development, one fifth of the people in China still oppose such vaccination. According to a survey conducted by YouGov, a pollster commissioned by the German news agency in early June, 44% of the respondents supported the option and 40% opposed it. In recent months, demonstrations of "anti epidemic measures" have also taken place in big cities such as Berlin and Hamburg. Some people believe that vaccination is a corruption event of "collusion" between the government and pharmaceutical enterprises.
The Japanese attitude towards the new coronal vaccine can be described as "cautious". The Japanese government has novel coronavirus pneumonia group expert group, said recently that "medical practitioners believe that the safety and effectiveness of the new crown vaccine are still unclear. Although the vaccine is expected to play a full role in the socio-economic activities, the government will make efforts to ensure the safety of vaccines because of the adverse effects of side-effects and other side effects. It will be put into use as soon as possible.
In June this year, Yoshimura, governor of Osaka Prefecture of Japan, said that he was willing to be the first experimenter of the local new vaccine research and development institution. His words won the favor of the public and was called "a responsible politician" by public opinion. According to the reporter of global times, the majority of Japanese people are of the view that, for safety reasons, domestic vaccines will be the first choice for vaccination, and they are cautious about vaccines developed abroad. Others said, "it's better to develop specific drugs than to develop vaccines.".
Vaccination, the only way to stop the spread of disease
Indeed, the question of whether to get a new crown vaccine is exacerbating the division of the United States. Trump wants to make the development of the new crown vaccine a major achievement of his presidency, while his opponent, Democratic presidential candidate Biden, said the sharp rise in the number of people against vaccination was "because people can no longer trust what the president says.". When the vaccine is involved in the whirlpool of political competition, whether it can play a role in preventing the spread of the epidemic is becoming a concern of all walks of life in the United States.
Italians have been relatively resistant to vaccinations. In a recent survey by the Italian Academy of Pediatrics ,66 percent of parents surveyed said they had not vaccinated their children in recent months. Italians are also divided over whether to make vaccinations compulsory. The "volunteer ", represented by Prime Minister Condoleezza Rice, believes the vaccine is good news, but vaccination is not mandatory. Former Prime Minister Renzi stressed that vaccination should be mandatory. Kongte's position was questioned by virologist Pregriasco, who wrote in the Journal of the Republic :" Compulsory vaccination is cruel but effective. Epidemiological trends determine that for vaccines to be effective, they must reach a certain proportion of the population, which means that a large proportion of the population should be vaccinated ." Rep. Lisa Noah said :" Everyone must be forced to get a new crown vaccine, not selective ." She also launched a signing campaign in the hope that more people will put pressure on the government to promote the new crown vaccine.
In the netizens' comment area of the Italian newspaper Le Republique, people in favor of the new crown vaccine left a message saying: "fully agree to compulsory vaccination. It's a central issue for a country to ensure people's health. " Others said: "compulsory vaccination is desirable, but like other vaccines, there are always people who don't care or refuse to be vaccinated. If they get sick, they are advised to pay for treatment." At the same time, there are many voices of opposition and doubt. Some say, "who can guarantee that the vaccine is effective and does not have side effects on the body, the government or the politicians?" Others said: "unfortunately, it is not known whether the coming first vaccines will make people non infectious, or simply reduce the symptoms and consequences of the disease."
"The complexity of vaccination in the future is a real problem, even far beyond the research and development technical problems faced by professional and technical personnel in the laboratory," said the Italian media reluctantly During the outbreak, Italy also launched a new coronavirus tracking software. Due to non mandatory use, the number of downloads was limited, which failed to play the most effective role. Therefore, Italian public opinion is generally worried that if the vaccine is not compulsory, it may face the same effect as the software.
"People in some countries have some doubts about the new crown vaccine. They think that the progress of vaccine research and development is too fast, and they worry that the safety and effectiveness of the vaccine will be affected." Yang zhanqiu, a professor at the Virus Research Institute of Wuhan University's medical department, told the global times that the public's concern in this respect does exist, because generally speaking, the research and development cycle of vaccines still needs a long time. In addition, the mutation of new coronavirus itself should be considered. Yang Zhanqiu stressed: "novel coronavirus pneumonia is a good way to prevent the occurrence and prevalence of new crown pneumonia. The immunity generated after vaccination can protect the uninfected population. Vaccination is certainly the only way to stop the spread of the disease. People in some countries in Europe and the United States boycott the new crown vaccine, which may have a certain psychological impact on the people of other countries. "
In an interview with the media, Russian meritorious doctor Nikolai Gowarin stressed that "I have worked in the field of health care all my life and have personally told me that many terrible diseases many terrible diseases such as measles or tuberculosis will be the most serious public health problem in our country ". Russian general practitioner Janice Kondratiev said it was foolish to talk about the dangers of vaccination in the 21st century, because 20 years ago the vaccine was completely different from the current vaccine, and there were no complications from vaccination.
Eliminating fear is a priority
In Yang zhanqiu's opinion, there are more than 200 countries and regions in the world, and it is impossible that all the people are against the vaccination of the new crown vaccine. He told the global times that even if people in some countries oppose vaccination, it will not have a great impact on countries such as China that can export the new crown vaccine. "If a country needs to export vaccines from China, the relevant procedures are very strict and will not be cancelled because of the boycott of some people," Yang said. Moreover, after China's vaccine enters the country, the government will not immediately call on all citizens to vaccinate. It may also use the vaccine as a strategic reserve to cope with the uncontrollable situation of the epidemic this winter and next spring. " He suggested that the domestic media should do a good job in explaining the vaccination of the new crown vaccine.
Relevant American institutions and scholars have begun to take action. the u.s. center for disease prevention and control (CDC) is currently working on a plan to "vaccination confidence ", which includes using social media platforms to promote the importance and safety of vaccines to the public faster and more effectively. Traditional authoritative and factual vaccine campaigns don't reduce concerns about vaccine safety, says Hattie Larsson, an anthropologist and head of the Vaccine Confidence Program at the London School of Health and Tropical Medicine. Social media platforms to communicate the dangers of rejection and negative effects may be better, such as "rejection of a new crown means you ca n' t visit grandparents or participate in gathering activities" and so on.
According to medical anthropologist Spana of Johns Hopkins University, in order to promote vaccines, public health institutions should consider vaccinating in medical places and places where people work or shop, which requires public health officials to talk to leaders of various communities to understand their ideas ," this propaganda may be particularly important for minority communities ". Nehan, a professor of politics at Dartmouth College, suggested that influential people such as religious leaders and politicians should be actively involved in campaigns to support vaccines. Rock star Elvis Presley was praised for promoting polio vaccine in 1956 and for encouraging teenagers to get it. Nihan believes that the current "big people" can also follow this method.
According to the relevant German immunization laws, the federal government can not directly order compulsory vaccination, but in special cases, the federal and state governments can jointly decide to force "some high-risk groups" to vaccinate certain vaccines. In his view, the fight against the new coronary pneumonia is a special period, everyone belongs to the "high-risk group ". Since March, kindergarten and school teachers and students must be vaccinated against measles, according to a German government law enacted last year. If any family does not allow their children to be vaccinated against measles, they will be fined up to 2500 euros and may face a "no-care" dilemma. The move is considered by German media to be "an example of compulsory new-crown vaccination ". German health ministry officials say there is no need to enact legislation if people volunteer for a new crown. At the same time, the relevant departments also through the broadcast of scientific documentaries, invited top experts to read and other ways to strengthen publicity, to eliminate some people's doubts or fears.