The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration has approved Amazon's drone logistics business, called
The FAA said the agency continued to support technological innovation in the field of UAVs while ensuring safety. Previously, ups and Google's wing project have also been approved by FAA, which can be used in experimental UAV transportation business.
Wing is working with FedEx to launch a small-scale UAV delivery service in Virginia since last year, while UPS is using UAVs to deliver medical supplies in the medical school district of Raleigh, North Carolina.
In view of the fact that the current aviation regulations can not keep up with the situation, the FAA plans to introduce flight regulations applicable to unmanned areas by the end of the year. The key points are the UAV take-off and landing area, UAV flying over densely populated areas, and deleting ridiculous contents such as seat belts and flight attendants.
Another noteworthy problem is that UAVs also have hijacking risk, especially in the context of global anti-terrorism. It is expected that FAA will force UAVs performing commercial flight to broadcast equipment identification code and location information in real time to prevent hijacking or air collision.
Amazon has a number of UAV models to participate in the internal test. The mk27 can fly 12 kilometers from the local warehouse to deliver 5 pounds of goods to customers' houses within 12 minutes. The problem now is that the FAA requires such flights to have ground observers present, making unmanned flight meaningless.
Mk27 has been equipped with various sensors to ensure that the aircraft will avoid wires, pedestrians and even pets when flying directly to the courtyard. FAA must develop a new UAV monitoring system to adapt to technological advances, such as low altitude air traffic control and UAV noise standards.