From being unable to use GMS, to being unable to produce Hisilicon chip Kirin 9000, to being completely unable to use products containing any American technology, Huawei seems to have no way out under the pressure of three rounds of continuous upgrading. "Huawei's competitiveness and market share in the mobile phone market will be negatively affected. The best scenario is for Huawei to reduce its market share, and the worst scenario is for Huawei to withdraw from the mobile phone market." Electronic industry analyst Guo Mingji said.
When the mood of despair and depression reaches its climax, the courage to die arises spontaneously. This courage promotes the fast iteration of HMS core once every five months, and promotes the accelerated application of Hongmeng. At the 2020 developer conference, Yu Chengdong announced the official open source of Hongmeng OS: "Huawei smart phones will fully support Hongmeng system next year."
Rome is not a day's work. Huawei is very clear about the difficulty of doing Ecology: "compared with ecology, the difficulty of technology itself may be of order of magnitude. In the field of ecology, there are many aspects involved. It is really very difficult to do ecology because of its wide range, many fields and deep contents."
"As soon as I heard the battle of Songhu, my tears came down."
At the 2020 developer conference, Huawei launched a series of software ecological technology products, such as Hongmeng OS 2.0, HMS core 5.0, emui 11, HMS, hilink and research, which are the foundation of Huawei's own ecology.
Yu Chengdong announced the open source of Hongmeng OS 2.0 at the meeting, released a beta version of smart phones to developers at the end of the year, and promised that Huawei mobile phones would be fully equipped with Hongmeng system next year.
"From September 10, Hongmeng OS will open source 128kb-128mb terminal devices such as large screen, watch, car, etc.; in April 2021, it will open source 128mb-4gb memory terminal devices; after October 2021, it will open source all devices above 4GB." Yu Chengdong said in his speech that Huawei donated the code to the China open atomic open source foundation and announced the open source roadmap of Hongmeng OS.
In terms of technology, Hongmeng OS 2.0 has brought about an overall improvement of distributed capabilities, including three core capabilities of distributed soft bus, distributed data management and distributed security, providing a complete distributed equipment and application development ecology for developers.
From the progress of Hongmeng OS 2.0, we can see that Huawei has indeed given up the illusion. According to the OS history and roadmap of Hongmeng released in 2019, it was not indicated that Hongmeng would be applied to mobile phones at that time, and in 2021, the landing products of Hongmeng were speakers and earphones. After three rounds of repression, Huawei does not dare to place its hope on others.
If Hongmeng solves the problem of "tomorrow", then HMS solves the problem of "this second". In May 2019, Google "cut off the power supply" and lost the GMS that overseas users rely heavily on. Huawei's mobile phone is equivalent to losing its soul.
In order to solve the problem that Huawei's mobile phones are not available overseas, Huawei has deployed thousands of key forces from various departments to carry out the "Songhu battle" for nine months, and said that "building HMS ecology is the first task and the highest priority task."
In fact, HMS 2.0 first appeared in 2016, with only three basic functions: account number, payment and push. However, since 2019, HMS has maintained a rapid version iteration once every five months.
With the release of HMS core 5.0, the battle of Songhu came to an end. "As soon as those who participated in the battle heard the battle of Songhu, their tears came down. This is the battle of Songhu." Zhang Ping An, President of Huawei's consumer business cloud service department, said frankly in an interview with media including Sohu technology.
At the developer conference, Huawei HMS core 5.0 was officially unveiled and opened to the world five root service engines, including payment, advertising, browsing, map and search. Compared with 2019, the number of registered HMS developers worldwide has increased by 98%, the number of applications integrating HMS core has increased by 123%, and the number of overseas boutique applications on the shelves has increased by 10 times.
At present, Hongmeng has not been applied to mobile phones, but some functions and concepts have been integrated into emui system. The newly released emui 11 carries the core distributed technology of Hongmeng, which can realize the collaboration between more devices. In addition, Huawei said that models equipped with emui 11 will support upgrading to Hongmeng system in the future.
Wang Chenglu, President of Huawei's consumer business software department, said: "when supporting Android, Huawei has already replaced almost all the internal components of the Android system, almost everything that can be changed from the bottom layer to the abstract layer. (a lot of functions and technologies) did not even think of by Google itself."
Forced to go on the road of no return
Operating system is a "no return road", even if "from a famous family" is also a flash in the pan. For example, Samsung's tizen system, QNX system and windows phone system developed by Microsoft have failed because it is difficult to establish their own ecosystem.
As early as the 1980s, QNX system was designed with micro kernel and distributed architecture. In 2011, a media report said: "Windows XP has more than 40 million lines of code, Linux (Android) has more than 12 million lines of code, while QNX has only 100000 lines of code. QNX system has fewer lines of code and is easy to check and analyze, which means higher security. "
In 2010, rim, a Canadian BlackBerry manufacturer, acquired QNX software business from Harman international. However, QNX did not shine in the mobile phone field because of BlackBerry.
The success of a mobile phone operating system is largely determined by the ecology. As Linus, the founder of Linux, said, "users need to use not the operating system itself, but the application above -- the ecosystem of the operating system."
Before that, Ren Zhengfei was also very cautious about the application of Hongmeng in mobile phones: "the Hongmeng system was not created for mobile phones, but for the future Internet of things, artificial intelligence, industrial control and unmanned driving in the future. The delay should be strictly controlled, not exceeding 5 milliseconds, or even as low as millisecond and sub millisecond."
"Beating" the Android and IOS ecosystem, which accounts for nearly 99.62% of the market share, is not an easy task. "The challenge lies in the difficulty of building the ecosystem in a short time, rather than the technical difficulties of the operating system itself." A person in the IT industry told Sohu technology, "and Linux is open source, and it has been done well enough. Most programmers adhere to the principle of" don't make wheels repeatedly. "
The HMS ecological development, which paves the way for Hongmeng, is developing very fast, but there is still no barrier. Booking, Line, Agoda, Lazada... Although the head 3000 applications have been more than 80% in the HUAWEI application market can be obtained, but as domestic users are concerned about not using WeChat, jitter, Alipay, overseas users are only concerned about the Facebook, Youtube, Paypal, such as the most tiktok applications can be obtained, and HMS about the most application of the head is still missing, Gmail Google and other kits should be Use is also blank.
In addition to the fact that the ecological construction is still "immature", Hongmeng system is also faced with problems such as being difficult to be accepted by the head manufacturers and adapting to the hardware. Fu Liang, a telecom analyst, said in an earlier interview, "how to make the head mobile phone manufacturers accept Hongmeng is a problem. Although Huawei has 200 million mobile phone shipments, it is largely due to the Android industry chain."
Wu Jun, the author of "the top of the wave", points out that neither Hongmeng nor Fuchsia is mature, because the processor and operating system are facing the problem of adaptability: "arm processor and Android are synchronized and coordinated in design, so the coupling is very high, and other operating systems running on ARM processor can not achieve the efficiency of Android."
"It's dangerous to grow without roots"
The three rounds of U.S. sanctions do not give Huawei a little breathing space and let Huawei "give up fantasy and recognize the reality, and can only rely on itself." The sanctions of August 17 were the heaviest blow. On this day, the U.S. Department of commerce further tightened restrictions on Huawei's access to U.S. technology, and added 38 Huawei subsidiaries in 21 countries to the "entity list.".
Huawei has blocked the cooperation between the US Ministry of Commerce and has to obtain a license from other US manufacturers to use new chips.
"Huawei's competitiveness and market share in the mobile phone market will be negatively affected. The best scenario is for Huawei to reduce its market share, and the worst scenario is for Huawei to withdraw from the mobile phone market." According to media estimates, Huawei will ship 50 million mobile phones in 2021, with a sharp drop of nearly 80%.
GMS cut off supply, mobile phone sales in European market plummeted, chip off supply, the worst case is to withdraw from the mobile phone market. A "physical list" almost makes it difficult for China's top technology giants. Wang Chenglu thinks that this is the pain of no "root": Although many high-tech enterprises in China have entered the world's top 500, such "luxuriant branches" are very dangerous and can be pushed down in an instant. Why? Because we don't have roots. "
Because there is no "root", Huawei issued the most sincere cry: "every developer is a spark Huawei wants to gather, and a single spark can start a prairie fire!" on the day after the release of Hongmeng 2.0, Huawei held a series of technical forums, such as "Hongmeng application development", "Hongmeng intelligent hardware development" and "overseas summit", which attracted many developers to attend And.
Zhang Lin is a java engineer and also an entrepreneur. His team is working on a social software about AI face recognition. It is expected that it will be put on the domestic application mall by the end of the year. He told Sohu technology that his app has not been put on the shelves. This time, he mainly wanted to understand Hongmeng system, "although there is no open source for mobile phone version, I think it is A trend in the future. The Internet industry is very competitive. If you don't pay attention to these new things, you will be knocked down if you don't pay attention to them. "
Li Yunguang is a product manager. His company has made a cleaning tool software for overseas users. Sohu technology has learned that this software was originally put on the shelves of Google App store, but it is not clear why it was removed from the shelves. It is useless for the company to appeal to Google. "We have basically done our best in terms of compliance. For example, we don't even have pop-up windows in terms of advertising, so we very much hope that HMS and Hongmeng can grow rapidly."
For developers, especially those who specialize in offshore applications, the emergence of HMS and Hongmeng means that they have provided them with a new choice. "Although at present, the income brought by joining HMS ecology is relatively limited, at least our app will not be removed from the shelves without any reason."
Hongmeng was officially open-source on September 10. At present, most developers are still in a wait-and-see state about whether to develop applications based on Hongmeng. Some programmers who have already "tasted" said that "the coding experience is similar to Android". Compared with Android system, Hongmeng micro kernel and distributed features may be more suitable for the Internet of things era of multi device collaboration, representing a new technology trend.
The sparkle of developers has become the hope of Huawei's future ecological construction. Under the heavy pressure, Huawei has taken the most difficult step, accumulating the most valuable strength of developers, which is the nutrient needed by "root".
By Zhang Yating
Editor Yang Jin