"There are weaknesses in the software industry, especially in some large-scale basic software, and we are under control ." Recently ," Changsha China 1024 Programmer Festival ", sponsored by the Chinese professional IT developer community CSDN, said Ni Guangnan, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering. Software definition hardware, software definition manufacturing. In the era of software definition, how can China change the status quo of "lack of core and less soul "? How to meet the opportunities and challenges of the new era?
On this event, Huawei Hongmeng, Kirin, Ali Yun OS and other nine operating system leaders in the field of operating systems in China's IT history also gathered for the first time, on the domestic operating system development status, system software ecological construction, future opportunities and other dialogue interpretation.
There are still short boards and necks in the past 20 years
Software includes operating system, industrial software, database and so on, which provides a more underlying support for all kinds of applications. With the continuous iterative upgrading and development of China's network information industry, the software industry also maintains a high speed development.
According to Ni Guangnan, the scale of China's software in 2000 was about 56 billion yuan, while last year's statistics of the Ministry of industry and information technology reached more than 700 billion yuan, an increase of more than 100 times in 20 years. Jiang Tao, the founder of CSDN, also predicts that in the next decade, China's software industry will grow tenfold or 100 fold, which requires the active participation of developers and the construction of developer ecology.
Ni Guangnan, academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering
Why does China's software industry maintain rapid growth? Ni Guangnan believes that there are three main reasons, the first is talent. Talent is the first resource for software development. If the first resource is mobilized, the industrial development potential will undoubtedly be faster. The second is China's market. Now the state emphasizes the new development pattern of domestic big circulation and mutual promotion of domestic and international double circulation. If the software market is used well, China's software industry will continue to maintain the momentum of rapid growth. The third is the role of the government. The state has been encouraging the growth of the software industry in recent years, and national policies have played a very important role.
Many operating system leaders have mentioned the problem of talents. Ma Tao, a researcher at Alibaba cloud and head of the operating system team of the basic software department, is outspoken. Compared with foreign operating system companies, China has a gap in talent. According to Wu Qingbo, in the 1980s and 1990s, there were too few operating system talents in China, perhaps thousands of them did not. Han Hui, chairman of Yihui information and founder of sylixos embedded operating system, said that high-end talents, especially system programmers and architects, are still very scarce.
"Since the Huawei incident, we have found that some key core technologies, such as chips in the hardware field and some large-scale basic software, are facing the risk of outage." Ni Guangnan said in an interview with the media that the operating system and CAD, CAE and other software commonly used in the industrial field are still using those provided by the west, which also requires us to quickly make up for the shortcomings, so as not to be controlled by others in these aspects.
Invest more resources, new opportunities in the era of Internet of things
In the face of China's software industry short board, how to solve? Ni Guangnan believes that we should start from two aspects, the first is to support open source software policy.
"No one has invested in open source software, there is no mature model, and there is no good return system. Software funds will not invest in open source software. Therefore, we should support the open source software fund and encourage the fund to invest in software." Ni Guangnan said that this is a very important way of financing, so as to keep the software industry developing at a faster speed, which may exceed the speed of the previous 20 years.
The second is to eliminate the factors that affect the development of Chinese software. Ni Guangnan believes that software and hardware are very important, but we are investing in hardware, not software. "Because software belongs to intangible assets, it is difficult to evaluate. Once the investment fails, there is nothing left, so we are not willing to invest in software." Therefore, the capitalization of software must become a system, so as to encourage more resources to be invested in software. If more investment is made, China's software industry will surely be raised to a higher level.
But for China's software industry, there is still a lot to do to achieve breakthrough development. Jiang Tao believes that science and technology is the primary productive force, and open source is the driving force of scientific and technological innovation. The next 10 years will be the golden decade of open source software in China. We have the opportunity to build an independent and controllable basic technology system based on open source.
However, Wang Chenglu, President of Huawei's consumer business software department, believes that open source is not a technical problem, but a matter of business choice. Wu Qingbo also believes that open source and closed source are formal problems. From the perspective of business model, there are successful open source enterprises and closed source enterprises. They coexist for a long time, and there is no question of who will beat whom.
The core of operating system is for application and ecology. For domestic software industry, ecological construction also needs to be strengthened. In the past decades, the Wintel alliance created by Microsoft and Intel monopolized the PC market, which led to a passive situation in China from chip to operating system.
Wu Qingbo said that both open-source and closed-source operating systems can establish ecology, and the key to establishing ecology is the need for a tipping point, namely, market share or market size. Wang Chenglu also mentioned that we must solve the power problem of ecological participants. If we can't solve this problem, it is meaningless to talk about open source, closed source and how much we can do.
"Ecology must bring value to each participant, and at the same time, it must have commercial benefits in order to make continuous investment." Wang Chenglu said that ecological balance is also very important because of the contribution of software, hardware and application.
The first meeting of nine operating system leaders
Although the operating system is still monopolized by foreign countries, the domestic operating system is also facing new opportunities. In the era of Internet of things, it is difficult for the traditional general operating system to meet the new features and requirements under the new scene. Therefore, a number of domestic operating systems based on the main architecture of Linux have risen. The era of Internet of things also calls for more new operating systems to be born.
Han Hui said in the dialogue that the scope of the operating system has been changing. The birth of a new operating system is not to replace the previous operating system, but to solve the new industrial needs. He judged that with the development of the Internet of things in the future, there will be many fragmented markets and more and more operating systems.
Xiong Shuxiang, founder and CEO of RT thread, said that the operating system in the era of Internet of things belongs to a new field, which also means new opportunities. He believes that the operating system is a basic platform, but it should not be solidified. Fragmentation is a very significant feature of the Internet of things. For fragmented scenarios, or different application scenarios, windows and Android are not suitable, and a highly customized operating system is needed.
Jiang Dayong, vice president of Huawei Kunpeng computing field and head of openeuler, also mentioned that the operating system should be oriented to future scenarios to do more innovative projects and communities, and more opportunities should be created to polish system software in new scenarios.
As a rookie in the field of domestic operating system and open source, the development and future of Huawei harmony OS have always attracted much attention, which has also become the topic of discussion in this dialogue. Wang Chenglu said that Hongmeng is not the current mobile phone operating system, is not a copy of Android, nor is it a copy of IOS, but the world operating system of the Internet of things.
He believes that the operating system must be in line with the opportunities of industrial transformation, and we must find a large industry transformation and development opportunity. "When all the devices are connected intelligently, there will be industrial space of order of magnitude than the ecology based on mobile phones, and all walks of life will be upgraded accordingly." He said that the reason why he has confidence in harmony OS is that it matches the opportunity of mobile digital transformation. The next two years are very critical. If it can be matched, the opportunities in the future 20 years of mobile industry will be in China's hands.
Wu also mentioned the opportunities that cloud computing brings to operating systems. He believes that under the new cloud computing, there is an opportunity to make a completely different operating system, including big data and artificial intelligence. The recently popular cloud native wave may also give the operating system a new life.
He said that in the cloud native scenario, cloud computing manufacturers and R & D personnel have a great opportunity to build a new operating system with full stack optimization and collaboration. Compared with the traditional operating system, it can bring a completely different user experience, and all the operations, including the operating system and hardware, are not felt by users.