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IBM China Research Institute (IBM CRL) has been completely closed

via:雷锋网     time:2021/1/25 2:21:34     readed:298

Netcom IBM China Research Institute (IBM CRL) has been completely closed. To verify the authority of the circle, he saidThe information is probably true.In response to the rumor, IBM responded to the 21st century economic report that,It is changing its R & D situation in China."In order to support Chinese customers' AI and hybrid cloud transformation journey in the best way and help them grasp the historical opportunities brought by the state's investment in new infrastructure and digital economy, IBM is transforming our R & D layout in China."

At the same time, IBM said,Experts in China will focus on collaborative innovation with Chinese customers and partners to provide practical co creation solutions.

Using IBM China Development Lab, IBM China Systems Lab and their customer innovation centers and solution demonstration sites (including on the partner side) all over the country, Chinese customers and business partners will benefit greatly.

This can be understood as,IBM acquiesced to the news that its China Research Institute was closed.

IBM Research Institute is a (Research) Department of IBM, which can be traced back to Watson Scientific Computing Laboratory of Columbia University in 1945.

IBM Research Institute has also made contributions to physical science, including scanning tunneling microscope (STM) and high temperature superconductivity, both of which have won Nobel Prize.

IBM Research Institute has 12 laboratories in the world, three of which are in the United States, and nine laboratories outside the United States are distributed in nine countries, including IBM China Research Institute.

IBM China Research Institute was founded in Beijing, China in 1995. It is located in the northwest corner of Beijing Shangdi Information Industry Base and in Zhongguancun Software Park.

In 2008, IBM China Research Institute Shanghai Branch was established.

Over the past 20 years, there have been more than 100 thousand researchers working in the Institute, most of whom have doctorates and master's degrees from top universities in China and even in the world.

Is IBM CRL really closed quietly? People in the know are also invited to provide exact information.

1、Research results of IBM CRL

The research fields of IBM China Research Institute span multiple disciplines and industries, with four key research fields as follows: industry solutions, cognitive computing, operation as a service, and Internet of things.

In terms of industry solutions, IBM China Research Institute has been committed to using cutting-edge technology to solve key problems in the industry, and has relevant solutions in the fields of environmental governance, power and energy, logistics and supply chain, medical care, telecommunications and financial services.

Take the IBM green horizon project, which is a 10-year research project. The project integrates the technologies and resources of IBM's 12 research institutes around the world, and uses IBM's technologies in big data analysis, cognitive computing, Internet of things, cloud computing and other fields to solve three social problems: air pollution prevention, efficient utilization of renewable energy, and energy conservation and emission reduction of enterprises.

In the field of cognitive computing, the most famous achievement of IBM China Research Institute is Watson, which was born in 2011. It is named after Thomas J. Watson, the founder of IBM.

In the four-year R & D process of Watson, nearly 30 researchers around the world have participated in the development. In addition to American research institutes, IBM's China Research Institute, Japan Research Institute and Israel Research Institute have also participated in the development.

In the field of computing as a service, IBM China Research Institute mainly focuses on the development and research of IOT cloud computing, cloud computing infrastructure and cloud services, and platform as a service (PAAS).

In the field of Internet of things, IBM China Research Institute has started the exploration and research of Internet of things since 2009. It has made many technological breakthroughs in the fields of high-performance wireless dedicated Internet of things communication system, large-scale Internet of things data processing middleware platform, and developed Internet of things industry solutions in the fields of smart grid, smart oilfield, smart city, etc. With the rapid development of big data and cloud computing technology, IBM China Research Institute proposed the industry development trend of "Internet of things 3.0" in early 2014.

At the 20th anniversary of IBM China Research Institute, many academic leaders affirmed the achievements of the Institute.

Academician Tan Tieniu, vice president of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, who has visited IBM China Academy for many times, said, "in the past 100 years, IBM has been promoting technological innovation and industrial change. Artificial intelligence technologies such as cognitive computing will reshape the industrial structure and lead to profound changes in the industrial and social structure. Intelligence is increasingly becoming the most prominent feature of the new round of technological and industrial revolution. "

Academician Li Deyi, academician of Chinese Academy of engineering, said: "IBM China Research Institute has played a leading role in technological innovation since its establishment 20 years ago. Cognitive system does not have to pursue human like, but needs to realize complex functions such as interaction, reasoning, thinking, memory and computing, so that Internet, cloud computing, Internet of things and other technologies can provide strong support for the intellectualization of cognitive system. "

2、Watson in China

IBM has many years of research and accumulation in the field of artificial intelligence and cognitive computing. Artificial intelligence was first established at Dartmouth conference in 1956, and IBM was the main participant in this conference.

In 1997, deep blue, a computer developed by IBM, defeated Kasparov, a chess champion.

In the 1960s, the development of artificial intelligence technology stagnated. A few years later, scientists found that if artificial intelligence was defined by simulating human brain, it would lead to a dead end.

"Through machine learning, large-scale databases, complex sensors and ingenious algorithms, to complete distributed tasks" has become a new definition of artificial intelligence, which has already replaced the once rampant "brain reconstruction".

According to this definition, Watson is considered to have taken another step in AI.

"Dark blue is just doing a very large-scale calculation, it is the embodiment of human mathematical ability." Pan Yue, a senior researcher of IBM China Research Institute, participated in the Watson project and was responsible for providing data support.

"When it comes to machine learning, massively parallel computing, semantic processing and other fields, Watson's great thing is to integrate these technologies into one architecture to understand human natural language," he said

Watson is not locked up in the laboratory, and its deepqa system is also widely used in medical services, consulting and other services. For example, Columbia University Medical Center and University of Maryland Medical School signed a contract with IBM, so that its medical staff would use Watson to diagnose and treat diseases faster and more accurately. Its massive information database contains many professional papers published in journals, which can let doctors use the latest scientific research achievements to treat patients.

In China, there is a strong demand for Watson and cognitive computing that can understand Chinese in many fields, such as financial management in the financial field, insurance claims, social media analysis in the commercial field, chronic disease control in the medical field, cross industry call center services, etc.

Learning from successful English cases, IBM China Research Institute has built a cognitive computing team, developed core cognitive computing algorithms, and understood Chinese structured and unstructured data. The main research areas include Chinese natural language processing, deep reading and understanding, semantic knowledge extraction, modeling, reasoning and management, conceptual relationship and graph, voice and multimedia analysis, reasoning and dialogue manager, various machine learning, deep learning and other cognitive algorithms.

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